• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • OLSZEWSKI Leo, source: olsztyn.gosc.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOOLSZEWSKI Leo
    source: olsztyn.gosc.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

OLSZEWSKI

surname
versions/aliases

OLSCHEWSKI

forename(s)

Leo (pl. Leon)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Warmia diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02]

nationality

German

date and place of death

11.08.1942

KL Dachau
Dachau, Upper Bavaria reg., Bawaria, Germany

alt. dates and places of death

10.08.1942

details of death

During I World War drafted as a seminarian into German army. Served as a paramedic in France and Lithuania. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after German attack in 06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, criticized German behavior on the territories overtaken, comparing behavior of German SS to Russian cruelties. Denounced arrested by the Germans on 25.08.1941. On 19.12.1941 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp where perished.

cause of death

extermination

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

14.04.1894

Królewiec
obw. królewiecki, Russia

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

23.11.1919 (Frombork)

positions held

1938–1941 — parish priest {parish: Tylża}
1936–1938 — parish priest {parish: Bilderweitschen/Ługowoje}
c. 1936 — curatus/rector/expositus {church: Głaznoty}
c. 1935 — priest {parish: Prawdziska}
1922–1935 — parish priest {parish: Wieszwile/Wischwill}
1920–1922 — administrator {parish: Tylża}
1919–1920 — vicar {parish: Żegoty}, also administrator
till 1919 — student {Braniewo, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 28938): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
ekai.pl [access: 2012.11.23], files.bildarchiv-ostpreussen.de [access: 2018.11.18], encyklopedia.warmia.mazury.pl [access: 2018.11.18], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.10.13], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.10.05], gross-kleeberg.de [access: 2013.05.19]
original images:
olsztyn.gosc.pl [access: 2013.05.19]

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