• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

OLESZCZUK

forename(s)

Alphonse (pl. Alfons)

  • OLESZCZUK Alphonse - Commemorative plaque, monument, Baranowicze-Połonka, source: www.svaboda.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOOLESZCZUK Alphonse
    Commemorative plaque, monument, Baranowicze-Połonka
    source: www.svaboda.org
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Pinsk diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of birth

14.12.1902

Drohiczyn n. Bugiem

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1932

positions held

parish priest of Nowa Mysz and Żeleźnica parishes, chaplain of the Polish Army

date and place of death

13.07.1942

Polonka (Baranowicze reg., Brześć oblast, Belarus)

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

Arrested on 28.04.1942 by Belarusian police, together with other priest of Pińsk diocese. Taken to Baranowicze prison. Next on c. 03.07.1942 transported to Kołdyczewo concentration camp. From there driven out on a truck to the execution site.

perpetrators

Germans / Belarusians

others related in death

BARTUSZEK Joseph, BRYCZKOWSKI Boleslaus, BUJNOWSKI Leo, GRZESIAK Thaddeus Michael, KARAMUCKI Louis, KLIMCZAK Vladislav, KUBIK Mieczyslav Anthony, KURAŚ Vincent, MĄCIOR Thomas, PAWŁOWSKI Vladislav Sigismund, RUTKOWSKI Boleslaus, SIUDZIŃSKI Vincent, ULIŃSKI Francis, WARCHAPOWICZ Vladislav, WIERZBICKI Victor

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Połonka (n. Baranowicze): Mass execution of a group of approx. 50‑400 people (mainly Poles, including c. 15‑17 priests) perpetrated on 13.07.1942 by Belarusian Sonderkommando collaborating with Germans. The execution took place in a forest by Połonka village, c. 25 km to west from Baranowicze, and the wire–bound prisoners where brought from KL Kołdyczewo concentration camp and Baranowicze prison. Prob. was part of German special action aimed at Polish intelligentsia and including mass herding and sending to Germany of Polish slave workers, known as „Polenaktion”. (more on: www.stankiewicze.com [access: 2013.02.15], genealogia.plewako.pl [access: 2014.09.21])

Polenaktion 1942: In the summer of 1942 in German–occupied Germ. Generalbezirk Weißruthenien (Eng. General Region of Belarus) — in Nowogródek region among others — Germans carried out „Polenaktion” initiative: the name introduced in a special resolution drafted by Reichssicherheitshauptamt RSHA (Eng. Reich Main Security Office). The action included sacking of all Poles from civilian regional apparatus and police and replacing them with Belarusians. Thousands of Poles were also forcibly deported to Germany as slave labourers. On 26‑30.06.1942 in all counties of the region more than 1,000 representatives of Polish intelligentsia were arrested and subsequently murdered. In Lida region 16 Polish priests were arrested among others. 5 Polish parish priests from Głebokie and Postawy deanery were murdered as well. At the same time Germans set up Kołdyczego n. Baranowicze and Trościaniec Mały n. Mińsk concentration camps. The implementation of this genocide project was entrusted to Belarusian police formations supported by Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Latvian and Russian (RONA) collaborators.

Kołdyczewo: German concentration and death/extermination camp operational from 03.1942 to 07.1944 in Belarus, 20 km from Baranowicze. Jews and Poles, among others, were held there. A crematorium was opened in the camp. The camp, managed by a few Germans and run by Belarusians guarding it and perpetrating mass murders, witnessed c. 22,000 victims being murdered and exterminated — men, women, children, old, of various professions and social status, mainly Polish nationals, including c. 24 Catholic priests. Victims were murdered by the Belarusians with a shot to the back of the head or with sticks with protruding nails. (more on: www.stankiewicz.e.pl [access: 2013.12.04], www.sztetl.org.pl [access: 2013.12.04])

Baranowicze (prison): Prison in 1939‑41 run by Russians and in 1941‑4 by Germans. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
wastan.pl [access: 2012.12.28], www.stankiewicze.com [access: 2013.02.15], catholic.by [access: 2013.08.10]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
original images:
www.svaboda.org [access: 2015.09.30]

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