• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

LINK to Nu HTML Checker

WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • NOWAKOWSKI Marcel, source: salontradycjipolskiej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONOWAKOWSKI Marcel
    source: salontradycjipolskiej.pl
    own collection
  • NOWAKOWSKI Marcel - C. 1922, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONOWAKOWSKI Marcel
    C. 1922
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection
  • NOWAKOWSKI Marcel, source: salontradycjipolskiej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONOWAKOWSKI Marcel
    source: salontradycjipolskiej.pl
    own collection
  • NOWAKOWSKI Marcel, source: prawy.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONOWAKOWSKI Marcel
    source: prawy.pl
    own collection
  • NOWAKOWSKI Marcel - Commemorative plague, Holiest Redeemer church, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONOWAKOWSKI Marcel
    Commemorative plague, Holiest Redeemer church, Warsaw
    source: own collection

surname

NOWAKOWSKI

forename(s)

Marcel (pl. Marceli)

  • NOWAKOWSKI Marcel - Commemorative plague, Holiest Redeemer church, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONOWAKOWSKI Marcel
    Commemorative plague, Holiest Redeemer church, Warsaw
    source: own collection
  • NOWAKOWSKI Marcel - Commemorative plaque, St John archcathedral, Warszawa, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONOWAKOWSKI Marcel
    Commemorative plaque, St John archcathedral, Warszawa
    source: own collection
  • NOWAKOWSKI Marcel - Commemorative plaque, Theological Seminary, Krakowskie Przedmieście str., Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONOWAKOWSKI Marcel
    Commemorative plaque, Theological Seminary, Krakowskie Przedmieście str., Warsaw
    source: own collection
  • NOWAKOWSKI Marcel - Commemorative plaque, Polish Parliament building, Warsaw, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONOWAKOWSKI Marcel
    Commemorative plaque, Polish Parliament building, Warsaw
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Warsaw archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Theology

honorary titles

prelate
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]
„Cross of Valour”
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.04.16]

date and place of death

22.01.1940

Palmiry
Nowy Dwór Mazowiecki pow., mazowieckie voiv., Poland

alt. dates and places of death

18.02.1940

Warsaw
Warsaw city pow., mazowieckie voiv., Poland

details of death

During Polish–Russian war of 1920 chaplain of 5th Cavalry Regiment of Polish Army. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, for the first time arrested by the Germans on 04.10.1940. Released. On 08.12.1940 (according to other sources already on 09.10.1939) arrested again, together with his vicar, Fr Bronislaus Wróblewski. Jailed in Daniłowiczowska Str. and Szucha Alley in Warsaw. On 16.01.1940 sentenced by a German summary court — for anti–German activities and helping Mrs Helena Sikorska, wife of Polish leader Gen. Vladislaus Sikorski, to cross the border and leave Poland — to death. Murdered in a mass execution of Polish Warsaw intelligentsia in Palmiry.

alt. details of death

According to other sources murdered in Warsaw Parliament gardens.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

20.09.1882

Przybyszew
Białobrzegi pow., mazowieckie voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1909

positions held

1926–1940 — parish priest {parish: Warsaw–Śródmieście, Holy Savior}
1937–1939 — examiner {synodal; archdioc: Warsaw}
1924–1932 — synod judge {The Clerical Metropolitan Court; archdioc: Warsaw}
1928–1930 — envoy {Sejm of the 2nd Term of the Second Polish Republic}, on behalf of the National Democracy representation (ZSLN, ZLN, ChZJN, Catholic–National List)
1922–1927 — envoy {Sejm of the 1st Term of the Second Polish Republic}, on behalf of the National Democracy representation (ZSLN, ZLN, ChZJN, Catholic–National List)
1919–1922 — envoy {Legislative Sejm of the Second Polish Republic}, on behalf of the National Democracy representation (ZSLN, ZLN, ChZJN, Catholic–National List)
1910–1926 — professor {Warsaw, Theological Seminary}, history of philosophy and the Church
1916–1923 — censor of religious books (Lat. censores librorum) {archdioc: Warsaw}
secretary {personal, to Archbishop Alexander Kakowski}
1916–1924 — vicar {parish: Warsaw, Holy Cross}
1911–1915 — vicar {parish: Warsaw, All the Saints}
1909–1910 — vicar {parish: Wiskitki}
1909 — vicar {parish: Zduny}
till 1909 — PhD student {Innsbruck, theology, Leopold and Francis University}
student {Munich, history}
student {Rzym, philosophy, Pontifical Gregorian University (Lat. Pontificia Universitas Gregoriana) – Gregorianum}
1899–1904 — student {Warsaw, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}
activist {political, social and educational}
{co–organizer of the Polish Red Cross and the Society for the Protection of Prisoners – during World War I.}

others related in death

KRAWCZYK John, MĘŻYŃSKI Francis, PIENIĄŻEK Casimir, SAJNA Sigismund

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Palmiry: In Palmiry, from 12.1939 till 07.1941 Germans murdered, in mass executions, 1,700‑2,200 Poles from Warsaw, mainly intelligentsia, in an extermination action called AB. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23])

Warsaw (Szucha Ave.): At 25 John Christian Szucha Avenue in Warsaw — then in German–occupied General Governorate — at the heart of so‑called police district (with status Germ. „Nur für Deutsche” — End. „Only for Germans”), from 07.10.1939 headquarters of Germ. Der Kommandeur Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienst für den Distrikt Warschau (Eng. Bureau of Security Police and Security Service Commander for Warsaw District), Germans organised Warsaw HQ of Germ. Geheime Staatspolizei (Eng. Secret State Police), i.e. Gestapo. In the basements a Germ. Hausgefängnis (Eng. Detention Centre) was set. Prisoners from Warsaw prisons, mainly Pawiak (twice a day) where brought there for interrogations. Tortures were widely used — „beating (with a club, whip, rubber, iron poles, butts of pistols), kicking, setting dogs on, burning flesh with cigarettes or an iron rod (especially the face, heels and abdomen), crushing fingers and genitals, hanging on the hands at the back, breaking bones, knocking out front teeth, damaging eyeballs, strangling with a gas mask with a damaged absorber, irritating with electric current, pouring water into the nose with gagged mouth, dipping the prisoner's head in a bucket with water and holding it there until signs of suffocation, plucking out nails and driving steel needles under them” (Wikipedia). Often tortures were done with family members present. Even women in last months of pregnancy were tortured. During Warsaw Uprising of 08‑10.1944 Germans conducted mass executions in the building. Number of victims — unknown (in 06.1946 in Szucha Avenue building basements 5.5. tons of human ashes and bones were discovered). (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.02.02])

Warsaw (Daniłowiczowska): Warsaw central detention centre — so‑called Centralniak — used by the Germans during occupation of Poland as a court prison where people suspected of political crimes where held. Many were subsequently taken to villages n. Warsaw (e.g. Magdalenka and Anin) and executed. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Polish-Russian war of 1919—20: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

sources

personal:
pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23], bs.sejm.gov.pl [access: 2013.07.06], jan.zaryn.salon24.pl [access: 2016.03.14], www.prawy.pl [access: 2016.03.14], salontradycjipolskiej.pl [access: 2020.06.05]
original images:
salontradycjipolskiej.pl [access: 2020.06.05], commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2016.03.14], salontradycjipolskiej.pl [access: 2020.06.05], prawy.pl [access: 2018.11.18], commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2015.09.30]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If you have an email client on your communicator/computer — such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Windows Mail or Microsoft Outlook, described at Wikipedia, among others  — try the link below, please:

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If however you do not run such a client or the above link is not active please send an email to the Custodian/Administrator using your account — in your customary email/correspondence engine — at the following address:

EMAIL ADDRESS

giving the following as the subject:

MARTYROLOGY: NOWAKOWSKI Marcel

To return to the biography press below: