• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • NOWAK Stanislaus Leonard; source: thanks to Mr Casimir Witowski kindness (private correspondence, 03.02.2018), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONOWAK Stanislaus Leonard
    source: thanks to Mr Casimir Witowski kindness (private correspondence, 03.02.2018)
    own collection
  • NOWAK Stanislaus Leonard - Domaczewo; source: thanks to Mr Casimir Witowski kindness (private correspondence, 03.02.2018), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONOWAK Stanislaus Leonard
    Domaczewo
    source: thanks to Mr Casimir Witowski kindness (private correspondence, 03.02.2018)
    own collection
  • NOWAK Stanislaus Leonard - 23.04.1933, Turek; source: thanks to Mr Casimir Witowski kindness (private correspondence, 03.02.2018), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFONOWAK Stanislaus Leonard
    23.04.1933, Turek
    source: thanks to Mr Casimir Witowski kindness (private correspondence, 03.02.2018)
    own collection

surname

NOWAK

forename(s)

Stanislaus Leonard (pl. Stanisław Leonard)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Pinsk diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of birth

25.10.1904

Turek (Turek county)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1933 (Pińsk cathedral)

positions held

parish priest of Domaczewo parish (from c. 1935), f. vicar of St Stanislaus the Bishop in Topczewo (from 1933), f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Pińsk (till 1933) and Włocławek

date and place of death

14.11.1942

Lachówka (n. Kołdyczewo)

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War arrested by the Germans in 05.1942 in Domaczewo, together with a local Polish lawyer and his family. Jailed in Brześć on Bug river prison (where the aforementioned lawyer and his family were murdered by the Germans). Next prob. jailed in Stołpce prison. Finally transported to Kołdyczewo concentration camp and murdered in a car turned into a gas chamber in the Lachówka forest, together with at least 6 other clerics.

perpetrators

Germans / Belarusians

biography (own resources)

click to read biography from our resources

others related in death

DĄBROWSKI Casimir, JEZIERSKI John, KOWRECKI Casimir, LEUSZ Anthony, MACKIEWICZ Anthony, NEJMAK Vaclav

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Kołdyczewo: German concentration and death/extermination camp operational from 03.1942 to 07.1944 in Belarus, 20 km from Baranowicze. Jews and Poles, among others, were held there. A crematorium was opened in the camp. The camp, managed by a few Germans and run by Belarusians guarding it and perpetrating mass murders, witnessed c. 22,000 victims being murdered and exterminated — men, women, children, old, of various professions and social status, mainly Polish nationals, including c. 24 Catholic priests. Victims were murdered by the Belarusians with a shot to the back of the head or with sticks with protruding nails. (more on: www.stankiewicz.e.pl [access: 2013.12.04], www.sztetl.org.pl [access: 2013.12.04])

Stołpce: Prison and detention centre managed by Russians, then Germans and finally by Russians again.

Polenaktion 1942: In the summer of 1942 in German–occupied Germ. Generalbezirk Weißruthenien (Eng. General Region of Belarus) — in Nowogródek region among others — Germans carried out „Polenaktion” initiative: the name introduced in a special resolution drafted by Reichssicherheitshauptamt RSHA (Eng. Reich Main Security Office). The action included sacking of all Poles from civilian regional apparatus and police and replacing them with Belarusians. Thousands of Poles were also forcibly deported to Germany as slave labourers. On 26‑30.06.1942 in all counties of the region more than 1,000 representatives of Polish intelligentsia were arrested and subsequently murdered. In Lida region 16 Polish priests were arrested among others. 5 Polish parish priests from Głebokie and Postawy deanery were murdered as well. At the same time Germans set up Kołdyczego n. Baranowicze and Trościaniec Mały n. Mińsk concentration camps. The implementation of this genocide project was entrusted to Belarusian police formations supported by Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Latvian and Russian (RONA) collaborators.

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.stankiewicze.com [access: 2013.02.15], www.polacyizydzi.pl [access: 2013.02.15], www.radzima.org [access: 2014.03.10]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
„Kresy — Borderlands— memories retained”, Casimir Witowski, ed. Konin, 2004, private correspondence, 03.02.2018

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