• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • MERKLEJN Casimir, source: www.myheritage.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMERKLEJN Casimir
    source: www.myheritage.pl
    own collection

surname

MERKLEJN

surname
versions/aliases

MERKLEIN

forename(s)

Casimir (pl. Kazimierz)

  • MERKLEJN Casimir - Commemorative plaque, St John archcathedral, Warszawa, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMERKLEJN Casimir
    Commemorative plaque, St John archcathedral, Warszawa
    source: own collection
  • MERKLEJN Casimir - Commemorative plaque, Our Lady the Immaculate church, Harmęże, source: www.harmeze.franciszkanie.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOMERKLEJN Casimir
    Commemorative plaque, Our Lady the Immaculate church, Harmęże
    source: www.harmeze.franciszkanie.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Warsaw archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Culm (Chełmno) diocesemore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2012.11.23]

date and place of death

23.08.1941

KL Auschwitzconcentration camp
today: Oświęcim, Oświęcim gm., Oświęcim pow., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]

details of death

During Russian Tsarist rule (under Russian partition) member of Polish „Collegium Secretum” organisation — clandestine organisation of Polish clergy in Russian Polish Kingdom, set up in defense of Greek–Catholic Unites persecuted by the Russians.

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of the German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 17.12.1940.

Jailed in Pawiak prison Warsaw.

On 28.05.1941 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp where he was murdered: was hearing confessions and caught by a German guard.

Beaten up with a stick into his head, massacred to death.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

04.03.1873

Trębaczewtoday: Sadkowice gm., Rawa Mazowiecka pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1900

positions held

till 1940

chaplain {Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
, Infant Jesus Hospital}

parish priest {parish: Lipce Reymontowskietoday: Lipce Reymontowskie gm., Skierniewice pow., Łódź voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

1916 – 1920

parish priest {parish: Zerzeńtoday: neighborhood in Wawer district in Warsaw, Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.03.16]
}

vicar {parish: WarsawWola district
today: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.08.05]
}

1906

vicar {parish: Gąbintoday: Gąbin gm., Płock pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
, St Nicholas the Bishop and Confessor; dean.: Gostynintoday: Gostynin gm., Gostynin pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
}

chaplain {Warsawtoday: Warsaw city pow., Masovia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.10.09]
, Infant Jesus Hospital}

from c. 1929

{parish: Swarzewotoday: Puck gm., Puck pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.03.16]
, Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary; church: Hallerowotoday: district of Władysławowo, Władysławowo gm., Puck pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.29]
, St Adalbert; dean.: Pucktoday: Puck gm., Puck pow., Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.07.18]
}, initiator of the construction of the church

{author of memoirs from travels around the Mediterranean countries „On the trail of ancient times”}

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 16898Click to display biography): German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: www.meczennicy.pelplin.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.07.06]
)

Pawiak: Investigative prison in Warsaw, built by the Russian occupiers of Poland in 1830‑5. During the Poland partition's period, a Russian investigative prison, both criminal and political. During World War II and the German occupation, the largest German prison in the General Government. Initially, it was subordinate to the Justice Department of the General Governorate, and from 03.1940 Germ. Sicherheitspolizei und des Sicherheitsdienst (Eng. Security Police and Security Service) of the Warsaw District — in particular the German Secret Political Police Gestapo. c. 3,000 prisoners were kept in Pawiak permanently, of which about 2,200 in the men's unit and c. 800 in the women's unit (the so‑called Serbia) — with a „capacity” of c. 1,000 prisoners. In total, in the years 1939–1944, c. 100,000 Poles passed through the prison, of which c. 37,000 were murdered in executions — from 10.1943 Pawiak prisoners were murdered in open executions on the streets of Warsaw (sometimes several times a day) — during interrogations, in cells or in a prison „hospital”, and c. 60,000 were taken in 95 transports to concentration camps (mainly KL Auischwitz), other places of isolation or to forced labor. The prison Germans demolished during the Warsaw Uprising in 08‑10.1944. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2022.08.17]
)

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. Created as the result of the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact, in a political sense, was to recreate the German idea of 1915 (after the defeat of the Russians in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915 during World War I) of establishing a Polish enclave within Germany (also called the General Governorate at that time). It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.04]
)

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.10.04]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
pl.auschwitz.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.harmeze.franciszkanie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.12.28]
, www.stankiewicze.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]
,
original images:
www.myheritage.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.04.18]
, www.harmeze.franciszkanie.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.03.21]

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