Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Adele (pl. Adela)
Mary Stella of the Blessed Sacrament (pl. Maria Stella od Najświętszego Sakramentu)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
Congregation of the Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth (Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth - CSFN)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
diocese / province
Warsaw Province of Holiest Name of Jesus CSFN
date and place of death
Navahrudak dist., Grodno reg.
details of death
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of Russian occupation persecuted with co‑nuns by the Russians — forbidden to conduct school duties, forced to leave their Congregation’s house and to take up various jobs in Nowogródek, to take off their cassocks. They scattered and found refuge in private houses. Worked as cleaners and servants. But met together and sent parcels to Poles deported by the Russians to Siberia. After the German attack on 22.06.1941 of the former ally, the Russians, and the beginning of German occupation nuns returned to their Congregation’s house, put on their cassocks and started working with children and youth. After arrest on 17‑18.07.1943 in Nowogródek — as part of anti–partisan drive Operation „Hermann” — of about 120 people as hostages by the Germans, together with her 10 co–nuns offered their lives in exchange for life of families and children and the priest — Nowogródek dean and parish priest, chaplain to the nuns, Fr Alexander Zienkiewicz. And Germans commuted death sentences of most of the hostages to deportation for slave labour in Germany. On 24.07.1943 they were transported out of Nowogródek — a few were released. All survived the II World War. And on 31.07.1943 Germans summoned the nuns to the police station in Nowogródek. When at c. 19.30 complied immediately got arrested and driven out. Not being able though to find the right place for execution brought back and locked in local jail cell. At dawn once again driven out on a truck and about 5 km from the city, in the forest, murdered — still in their cassocks, not tied up or bound.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Kletsk dist., Minsk reg.
superior (1939‑43) and nun (1936‑9) at Congregation’s house in Nowogródek — tutoress at dormitory by the school run by the Congregation, ministered in „Biała Fara” church and Christ the King Society’s house, f. nun at Congregation’s houses in Stryj, Wadowice, Kraków, Częstochowa — dormitory tutor, economist, sacristan, novitiate in Albano in Italy, in Congregation in Wilno Congregation’s house from 14.09.1910
others related in death
BOROWIK Pauline (Sr Mary Felicity), CHROBOT Josephine (Sr Mary Canute of Jesus in Gethsemane), CIERPKA Helen (Sr Mary Gwidona of Divine Mercy), JÓŹWIK Eleonor Angela (Sr Mary Daniella of Jesus and Virgin Mary), KOKOŁOWICZ Anne (Sr Mary Raymonda of Jesus and Mary), MACKIEWICZ Eugenia (Sr Mary Canisia), MATUSZEWSKA Leocadia (Sr Mary Heliodora), NARMONTOWICZ Veronica (Sr Mary Boromea), RAPIEJ Julia (Sr Mary Sergia of Our Lady of Sorrows), ŻAK Hedwig Caroline (Sr Mary Imelda of Host Jesus)
camps (+ prisoner no)
Operation „Hermann”: On 19.06.1943 a unit of Polish resistance Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) from Stołpce in Belarus attacked Iwieniec. The town was captured — in history this act is known as „Iwieniec insurgency” — and German garrison defeated. All prisoners were released, among them a dozen or so Jews, including a few physicians. C. 40‑150 Germans and their collaborators were executed. C. 100‑200 functionaries of Belarusian support police, collaborating with Germans, voluntarily joined the partisan unit. After 18 hours partisans left Iwieniec and moved towards nearby Nalibocka Forest. In retaliation Germans immediately murdered c. 150 inhabitants of Iwieniec and organized a wide ranging anti–partisan operation known under its codename „Hermann”. The main aim was elimination of partisan units — Polish and Russian — operating in Nalibocka Forest. It started on 13.07.1943. C. 9,000 Germans and its collaborators — including Russians — participated supported by airplanes, artillery and heavy weaponry. Around the forest Germans set up a strip of „scorched earth”, c. 10‑15 km wide. During operation Germans burnt to ground more than 60 Polish and Belarus villages and murdered c. 4,280 civilians including a few Catholic priests — those regarded as supporting the partisans were executed, hanged, burnt alive. C. 21,000–25,000 civilians were sent to 3rd Reich, i.e. Germany, for slave labour, and thousands — including elderly, women and children — were evicted beyond the blockade strip. Partisans however — both Polish and Russians — managed to break of the encirclement, despite huge losses. One of the towns in the vicinity of the region under operation — c. 20 km from Nalibocka Forest — was Nowogródek. During the operation Germans arrested there c. 120 its inhabitants and regarded as hostages. Local Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth nuns — in Nowogródek since 04.09.1929, providing religious education and instruction to children and youth — stood up in their defense. 11 of them were arrested by the Germans and murdered. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.10.04])
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])
pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23], opoka.org.pl [access: 2018.10.04]
„A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965
commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2018.10.04], kobieta.wp.pl [access: 2018.10.04], www.radiomaryja.pl [access: 2018.10.04], kosciol.wiara.pl [access: 2018.10.04], swstefan.pl [access: 2018.10.04], get.google.com [access: 2018.10.04], www.flickr.com [access: 2014.05.09], www.flickr.com [access: 2014.05.09], blogmedia24.pl [access: 2014.05.09], blogmedia24.pl [access: 2014.05.09]
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