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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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surname

ŁAPA

religious forename(s)

Jeronima (pl. Hieronima)

function

nun

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Congregation of the School Sisters of Notre Dame (School Sisters of Notre Dame - SSND)more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Lviv archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of death

09.10.1942

Stanislavivtoday: Ivano–Frankivsk, Ivano–Frankivsk rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk obl., Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of Russian occupation, forced to abandon teaching responsibilities due to Russian nationalization of schools and ban on religious education.

In 02.1940 forced moved with 9 nuns into a single room in her Congregation's house — the rest was taken over by Jewish Communist students from Lviv, collaborating with Russians who turned the building into a holiday house.

In c. 03.1940 evicted from this single room — moved into Greek Catholic nuns local congregation's house in Mikuliczyn.

All bar one managed to avoid Russian deportation of Poles into Russia.

After German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, returned to their house taking over half of it for the rest was appropriated by Ukrainians, collaborating with Germans, and turned into an Ukrainian school.

Arrested together with 6 co‑nuns — including her superior Sr Antonina Kratochwil and Sr Sabine Dziurdzia — on 09.07.1942 (or 03.07.1942) by the Germans.

Transported to Stanisławów prison.

There held with Fr Edward Tabaczkowski, among others.

Locked in a cell with 29 women — with 7 beds and no mattresses.

Repeatedly interrogated and maltreated.

Together with his co‑nuns released on 30.09.1942.

Taken to infectious diseases hospital — had signs of typhoid — perished few days later.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

14.10.1898

positions held

till 1942

nun {Mykulychyntoday: Mykulychyn hrom., Yaremche rai., Stanislaviv/Ivano–Frankivsk obl., Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.09.12]
, Congregation's house, Congregation of School Sisters of Notre Dame}

others related in death

DZIURDZIAClick to display biography (Sr Sabine), KRATOCHWILClick to display biography Mary Anne (Sr Mary Antonina), TABACZKOWSKIClick to display biography Edward

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Stanyslaviv: Prison used by the Russians (in 1939‑41 — in 06.1941, when escaping from advancing Germans, Russians perpetrated a mass murder on prison inmates — and from 1944); the Germans (in 1941‑4); and again by the Russian occupiers after replacing Germans in 1944. Thousands of Poles were jailed there. (more on: stanislawow.netClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.01.06]
)

Deportations to Siberia: In 1939‑41 Russians deported — in four large groups in: 10.02.1940, 13‑14.04.1940, 05‑07.1940, 05‑06.1941 — up to 1 mln of Polish citizens from Russian occupied Poland to Siberia leaving them without any support at the place of exile. Thousands of them perished or never returned. The deportations east, deep into Russia, to Siberia resumed after 1944 when Russians took over Poland. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

sources

personal:
cracovia-leopolis.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.06]

bibliograhical:, „A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965

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