• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • KUDERA John, source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKUDERA John
    source: audiovis.nac.gov.pl
    own collection

surname

KUDERA

forename(s)

John (pl. Jan)

  • KUDERA John - Commemorative plaque, cemetery chapel, Mysłowice-Brzezinka, source: www.genealogia.okiem.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKUDERA John
    Commemorative plaque, cemetery chapel, Mysłowice-Brzezinka
    source: www.genealogia.okiem.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Katowice diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Wrocław archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of death

19.11.1942

Bieruń Stary - Bieruń
Bieruń/Lędziny pow., Silesia voiv., Poland

alt. dates and places of death

19.11.1943

details of death

During I World War, after Poland regained in 11.1918 independence and during preparation for a plebiscite that was to decide the state fate of Upper Silesia and Opole region, being without a parish — restriction brought about by his Wrocław archdiocese superiors due to his involvement in Polish national movement — crossed over and over the Silesia and spoke about Silesia being Polish. After German invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, on 08.09.1940 expelled from his parish by the Germans. Found „a port” in Bieruń Stary where perished.

cause of death

exile

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

18.06.1872

Mysłowice
Mysłowice city pow., Silesia voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

22.06.1901

positions held

1926–1940 — dean {dean.: Mysłowice}
1920–1940 — parish priest {parish: Brzezince, Visitation of the Blessed Virgin Mary}
1913–1920 — priest {Upper Silesia}, preacher, in many parishes
1907–1913 — administrator {parish: Lasowice Wielkie, All the Saints}
1904–1907 — vicar {parish: Toszek, St Catherine of Alexandria}
1903–1904 — vicar {parish: Berlin, St Michael}
1902–1903 — vicar {parish: Bielszowice, St Mary Magdalene}
1901–1902 — vicar {parish: Bełk, St Mary Magdalene; dean.: Dębieńsko}
1901 — priest {parish: Mysłowice}
1897–1901 — student {Wrocław, philosophy and theology, Department of Theology, University of Wrocław (since 1945), Royal University — Breslau Academy (1816‑1911), Frederic Wilhelm University of Silesia (1911–1945)}
till c. 1897 — {translator of civil courts in Berlin and Mysłowice}
{historian}

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Intelligenzaktion Schlesien: Organised by Germans mainly in 04‑05.1940 planned action of arrests and extermination of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite in general recorded in a proscription list called „Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen” — participants of Upper Silesia uprisings, former Polish plebiscite activists, journalists, politicians, intellectuals, civil servants, priests — aiming at total Germanisation of the region. Some of the arrested were executed in mass murders, some where incarcerated in German concentration camps (priests, for instance, were moved to KL Dachau and then to KL Gusen where they slave in quarries) where most did not come back from, some were deported to German‑run General Governorate. Altogether Germans murdered c. 2,000 members of Polish Upper Silesia intellectual elite. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Silesian Uprisings: Three armed interventions of the Polish population against Germany in 1919‑21 aiming at incorporation of Upper Silesia and Opole region into Poland, after the revival of the Polish state in 1918. Took place in the context of a plebiscite ordered on the basis of the international treaty of Versailles of 28.06.1919, ending the First World War, that was to decide national fate of the disputed lands. The 1st Uprising took place on 16‑24.08.1919 and broke out spontaneously in response to German terror and repression against the Polish population. Covered mainly Pszczyna and Rybnik counties and part of the main Upper Silesia industrial district. Suppressed by the Germans. 2nd Uprising took place on 19‑25.08.1920 in response to numerous acts of terror of the German side. Covered the entire area of the Upper Silesia industrial district and part of the Rybnik county. As a result Poles obtained better conditions for the campaign prior the plebiscite. The poll was conducted on 20.03.1921. The majority of the population — 59.6% — were in favor of Germany, but the results were influenced by the admission of voting from former inhabitants of Upper Silesia living outside Silesia. As a result the 3rd Uprising broke out, the largest such uprising of the Silesian in the 20th century. It lasted from 02.05.1921 to 05.07.1921. Spread over almost the entire area of Upper Silesia. Two large battles took place in the area of St. Anna Mountain and near Olza. As a result on 12.10.1921 the international plebiscite commission decided on a more favorable for Poland division of Upper Silesia. The territory granted to Poland was enlarged to about ⅓ of the disputed territory. Poland accounted for 50% of metallurgy and 76% of coal mines. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2020.05.25])

sources

personal:
www.encyklo.pl [access: 2021.05.06], bsip.miastorybnik.pl [access: 2020.05.25], rebus.us.edu.pl [access: 2020.05.25], www.ipsb.nina.gov.pl [access: 2020.05.25]
original images:
audiovis.nac.gov.pl [access: 2016.05.30], www.genealogia.okiem.pl [access: 2014.05.09]

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