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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

KOSTEK

forename(s)

Miroslav (pl. Mirosław)

function

eparchial priest

creed

Ukrainian Greek Catholic
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Przemyśl eparchy
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

nationality

Ukrainian

date and place of birth

14.12.1890

Yavoriv (Lviv oblast, Ukraine)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

14.03.1920 (Greek Catholic Przemyśl cathedral)

positions held

patient of psychiatric hospital in Lviv (from c. 1928), f. administrator of Miłków in Lubaczów deanery (1924‑8), Cewków in Cieszanów deanery (1922‑4) parishes, f. theology and philosophy student at Greek Catholic Theological Seminaries in Przemyśl (1913‑4), Lviv (1910‑3), married with two children

date and place of death

1942

Kulparkiv / Lviv (Ukraine)

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

At the beginning of the I World War, in 09.1914, arrested by the Austro–Hungarian authorities in Krzeczowice n. Przeworsk during an escape west from advancing Russian troops and interned — suspected of supporting Russia — in IL Thalerhof internment camp. Released after a month, on 07.10.1914, thanks to intervention of high placed Ukrainian authorities. From 1928 was a patient of psychological institute in Lviv (prob. in Kulparkiv district). After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War,, after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, and start of German occupation, during German genocidal Aktion T4 program murdered by the Germans together with all co‑patients of his hospital. In Kulparkiv most of the patients perished from hunger and infectious diseases. From 07.1941 till 05.1942 1,179 patients died. On 15.01.1943 only 260 were surviving.

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

DLABOGA Paul, FEDYSOW Vladimir, WEŁYCZKO Michael

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on:  en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

IL Thalerhof: Internment camp (Germ. Interniertenlager Thalerhof) for Rusyns and Lemkovs for Galicia and Bukovina, accused of „ Moscow sympathies”, set up by Austro–Hungarian Empire in war with Russian Empire, built n. Graz in Austria (on the lands Graz airport today is located on), and operational during I World War, from 04.09.1914 to c. 10.05.1917. Altogether 14,000 – 20,000, including more than 350 priest of Greek Catholic Church — prisoner were held captive. Prisoners were subjected to very harsh, inhumane conditions. During first year there were no barracks and internees had to sleep on the ground. Typhus and cholera outbreaks were noted. Austrians recorded 1.757 death cases. Other sources claim 3,000. Executions were also carried out there. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
dlibra.kul.pl [access: 2019.12.26], talergof.org.ua [access: 2020.04.04]
bibliograhical:
„Clergy of Przemyśl Eparchy and Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna”, Bogdan Prach, Ukrainian Catholic University Publishing House, Lviv 2015

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