• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • KOWNACKI Joseph Benedykt Constantine, source: gimnazjumgp.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWNACKI Joseph Benedykt Constantine
    source: gimnazjumgp.pl
    own collection
  • KOWNACKI Joseph Benedykt Constantine - Góra Puławska, source: gimnazjumgp.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWNACKI Joseph Benedykt Constantine
    Góra Puławska
    source: gimnazjumgp.pl
    own collection

surname

KOWNACKI

forename(s)

Joseph Benedykt Constantine (pl. Józef Benedykt Konstanty)

  • KOWNACKI Joseph Benedykt Constantine - Symbolic grave, parish cemetery, Góra Puławska, source: www.facebook.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWNACKI Joseph Benedykt Constantine
    Symbolic grave, parish cemetery, Góra Puławska
    source: www.facebook.com
    own collection
  • KOWNACKI Joseph Benedykt Constantine - Commemorative plaque, monument to the murdered, Góra Puławska, source: www.gminapulawy.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWNACKI Joseph Benedykt Constantine
    Commemorative plaque, monument to the murdered, Góra Puławska
    source: www.gminapulawy.pl
    own collection
  • KOWNACKI Joseph Benedykt Constantine - Commemorative plaque, monument to the murdered, Góra Puławska, source: www.jaroslawzaczek.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKOWNACKI Joseph Benedykt Constantine
    Commemorative plaque, monument to the murdered, Góra Puławska
    source: www.jaroslawzaczek.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Sandomierz diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of death

29.10.1942

Góra Puławska
Puławy gm., Puławy pow., Lublin voiv., Poland

details of death

In 1903, during the partitions op Poland, „arbitrarily” collected contributions for the reconstruction of the church house in Odrowąż. The tsarist authorities, by the diocesan bishop of the Sandomierz diocese, „admonished him”. On 07.11.1905, due to the martial law in the Russian Empire (Russo–Japanese War, etc.), the Governor General of Warsaw ordered him to be arrested and placed in a monastery in Obory. The immediate cause was the blessing the banners with „revolutionary” inscriptions on 30.10.1905. Due to the fact that martial law was ended at the same time, there was no detention in Obory. But already on 26.01.1906, for public support of the postulate of teaching in schools in Polish, and for singing a „revolutionary” hymn in his parish in Smardzewice (i.e. „God save Poland!”), sentenced to prison by the Russian governor–general in Warsaw. Went into hiding. Pn 30.05.1906 however, arrested by the Russians and imprisoned in the Carmelite monastery in Obory. From there, on 23.06.1906, escaped and hid in Łódź. From there formally applied for a change of decisions. For an answer prob. got detained — all his property was confiscated and was forbidden to reside in the entire territory of the Kingdom of Poland administered by the Russians. As a result on 26.03.1907 went to Kiev. Numerous time petitioned the Russian authorities in Warsaw and Saint Petersburg for permission to return — to no avail. In c. 1913 prob. without permission returned however to the Kingdom of Poland. In 1913 — holding no official church position —conducted a funeral in the Nowe Miasto parish in Warsaw, without permission. The Russians were investigating, but stopped it. His name appears again in the books of the Sandomierz diocese only in 1916, after the outbreak of World War I and after the Russian defeat in the Battle of Gorlice in 05.1915, which led to the panic withdrawal of Russians from the Kingdom of Poland to the east and the beginning of the German–Austrian occupation. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested for the first time by the Germans on 17.09.1940. Jailed in Radom prison. On 29.09.1939 released. On 14.10.1940 arrested again, again jailed in Radom and again on 11.11.1940 released. Finally in retaliation for execution of German confidents by Polish resistance fighters from Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) arrested on 03.10.1942. Jailed in Radom prison. Tortured. On 29.10.1942 heavily beaten up (could not stand up on his own) brought back to Puławska Góra and hanged publicly together with 19 inhabitants of Góra Puławska — as the first one.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

10.03.1874

Różki
Radom pow., Masovia voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

28.11.1897

positions held

1931–1942 — parish priest {parish: Góra Puławska, St Adalbert the Bishop and Martyr; dean.: Zwoleń}
1919–c. 1920 — administrator {parish: Odrzywół, St Hedwig of Silesia; dean.: Skrzynno}
1916–c. 1917 — administrator {parish: Chotcza, Holy Trinity; dean.: Iłża}
1907–c. 1913 — priest {Kiev}
vicar {parish: Smardzewice, St Anne; dean.: Opoczno}
1895–1897 — student {Sandomierz, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}
1891–1895 — student {Warsaw, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Radom: The prison in Radom was established in 1817 by the Russian authorities (during partitions of Poland) and operated in the building of the former convent of the Benedictine Sisters. After the start of the German occupation in 09‑10.1939, Germans categorized the prison as a so‑called independent judicial prison, generally supervised by the Justice Department of the Government of the General Governorate, and within the district — by the Justice Department of the Governor's Office of the District of Radom. It was called interchangeably Germ. „Gefängnis Radom” (Eng. „Prison in Radom”) and Germ. „Deutsche Strafanstalt Radom" (Eng. „German prison in Radom”). The prison had three departments: women's, criminal, German, and from the end of 1942, the Germ. „Sonderabteilung” (Eng. „Special department”) managed by the German political police Gestapo. During the World War II, c. 18,000 people — mostly political prisoners — passed through it (14,170 files of inmates have survived). At least several thousand were murdered or taken to concentration camps. The prison operated under German supervision until c. 15.01.1945 (the last transport sent to KL Auschwitz left on 14.01.1945 — it only reached Częstochowa, and the rest of the prisoners were murdered by the Germans). After the end of the military operations of World War II and the beginning of the Russian occupation in 1945, members of Polish independence organizations were held there. On 09.09.1945 armed underground units (Freedom and Independence WiN and National Military Organization NOW, consisting of former members of the Home Army AK, „Jodła" region — part of the former Polish Clandestine State) commanded by Stefan Bembiński „Harnas", freed 292 inmates, including 60 former Home Army AK soldiers arrested by a unit of the Commie–Nazi Security Office of the UB (subordinate to the Russian NKVD). (more on: www.polskaniezwykla.pl [access: 2013.08.17])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.mmpulawy.pl [access: 2013.05.19], tpgorapulawska.pl [access: 2014.08.14]
original images:
gimnazjumgp.pl [access: 2019.10.13], gimnazjumgp.pl [access: 2019.10.13], www.facebook.com [access: 2019.10.13], www.gminapulawy.pl [access: 2014.08.14], www.jaroslawzaczek.pl [access: 2014.01.06]

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