• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • DUMAŃSKI Nicholas - c. 20.07.1942, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODUMAŃSKI Nicholas
    c. 20.07.1942, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org)
    own collection
  • DUMAŃSKI Nicholas - c. 20.07.1942, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODUMAŃSKI Nicholas
    c. 20.07.1942, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org)
    own collection
  • DUMAŃSKI Nicholas - c. 20.07.1942, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODUMAŃSKI Nicholas
    c. 20.07.1942, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org)
    own collection

surname

DUMAŃSKI

forename(s)

Nicholas (pl. Mikołaj)

function

eparchial priest

creed

Ukrainian Greek Catholic
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.03.01]
Lviv archeparchy
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

nationality

Ukrainian

date and place of birth

21.12.1906

Tovshchiv (Lviv oblast, Ukraine)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1932

positions held

minister at Kostarowce parish in Sanok deanery (1943‑4), f. chaplain of churches in villages of Wara in Hłudno parish and Niewistka in Izdebki parish in Dynów deanery (from 1940), f. secretary of the constistory of Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna (from 23.10.1940), f. administrator of Dobrostani parish in Horodok deanery (1935‑9), f. theology and philosophy student at Greek Catholic Theological Academy in Lviv (1927‑31), married

date and place of death

13.02.1945

Dresden (Saxony, Germany)

cause of death

shelling (bombardment)

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of Russian occupation, found himself in Lemkivshchyna. There, in Sanok, made secretary to the Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna’s consistory. After German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, and start of German occupation, arrested on 15.09.1941 by the Germans in Sanok. On the same day transported to Tarnów prison. There mocked and threatened with death. Next day brought to Montelupich Str. prison in Cracow. From there on 20.07.1942 transported to KL Auschwitz German concentration camp. Thanks to various Ukrainian interventions on 23.07.1943 transported to Berlin („for further interrogations”). Released and returned to Lemkivshchyni. In 07.1944, prob. as a result of fast approach of Russian offensive and general German withdrawal on Eastern front, evacuated deep into Germany. Perished during aerial bombardment of that city by the Allies — American and English air forces — that led to spontaneous firestorm and destruction of whole town. Altogether c. 18,000–25,000 people perished during the bombardment.

perpetrators

Allies

others related in death

HETTWER Francesca (Malberta)

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 49724): German KL Auschwitz (today: Oświęcim) concentration and death camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 on the German territory. Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the camp, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was KL Birkenau, not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])

Cracow (Montelupich): Cracow penal prison run by the Germans. In 1940‑4 Germans jailed there approx. 50,000 prisoners, mainly Poles and Jews. Some of them were transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp, some were executed. After cease in war effort the prison was used by UB — a Polish unit of Russian NKVD — as a prison for Polish independence resistance fighters, some of which were subsequently sent to prisons and slave labour camps in Russia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])

Tarnów: German penal and detention centre used by the Germans as a transit point prior to sending to concentration camps, i.e. KL Auschwitz. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.17])

Sanok: German prison and detention centre where Germans kept hundreds of Polish prisoners at any time. Prisoners were tortured, shot during interrogations or in mass executions. Many of them were subseqently transported to concentration camps, specifically KL Auschwitz. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.31])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

bibliograhical:
„Clergy of Przemyśl Eparchy and Apostolic Exarchate of Lemkivshchyna”, Bogdan Prach, Ukrainian Catholic University Publishing House, Lviv 2015
original images:
auschwitz.org [access: 2015.03.01], auschwitz.org [access: 2015.03.01], auschwitz.org [access: 2015.03.01]

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