• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

KAWKA

surname
versions/aliases

KAFKA

forename(s)

Anthony (pl. Antoni)

  • KAWKA Anthony - Commemorative plaque, St Mary Magdalene church, Chorzów Stary - Chorzów, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAWKA Anthony
    Commemorative plaque, St Mary Magdalene church, Chorzów Stary - Chorzów
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection
  • KAWKA Anthony - Silesian Theological Seminary commemorative plaque, Katowice, 3 Mickiewicza str., source: www.bj.uj.edu.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKAWKA Anthony
    Silesian Theological Seminary commemorative plaque, Katowice, 3 Mickiewicza str.
    source: www.bj.uj.edu.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan seminarian

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Katowice diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of birth

18.05.1915

Chorzów

alt. dates and places of birth

Lublin

positions held

theology and philosophy at Silesian Theological Seminary in Cracow (from 1937)

date and place of death

12.06.1942

KL Auschwitz

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, prob. released home from Theological Seminary by his bishop together with all other students. Arrested by the Germans on 15.04.1940 in his home town Chorzów for participation in clandestine resistance organization „Polish Insurgent Organisation”, part of „Armed Struggle Union” ZWZ later reformed as Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State), under nom‑de‑guerre „Roland”. Jailed in Sosnowiec transit camp, among others. From there on 25.06.1940 in a fifth such transport in history moved to KL Auschwitz concentration camp. There prob. branded as „Rückkehr unerwünscht” (Eng. „return undesirable”) and put in a special penal slave unit employed at gravel extraction from the river Soła. Murdered: executed in a group of prisoners from Silesia at KL Auschwitz’s „Wall of death” — in his last words shouted „Poland has not died yet!” — first words of Polish anthem (according to some sources voluntarily offered himself in place of co‑prisoner sentenced by the Germans to death).

perpetrators

Germans

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 1151): German KL Auschwitz (today: Oświęcim) concentration and death camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 on the German territory. Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the camp, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was KL Birkenau, not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])

Sosnowiec: Transit camp and detention centre run by Germans.

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.oswiecimonline.pl [access: 2019.05.30], www.harmeze.franciszkanie.pl [access: 2012.12.28], www.straty.pl [access: 2016.03.14], lekcja.auschwitz.org [access: 2016.04.23], encyklo.pl [access: 2016.04.23]
bibliograhical:
„A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965
original images:
commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2019.12.01], www.bj.uj.edu.pl [access: 2013.05.19]

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