• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • KARWOWSKI John; source: Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, „M Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939—1945”, Włocławek-Płock 2002, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKARWOWSKI John
    source: Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, „M Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939—1945”, Włocławek-Płock 2002
    own collection

surname

KARWOWSKI

forename(s)

John (pl. Jan)

  • KARWOWSKI John - Commemorative plaque, cathedral basilica, Płock, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKARWOWSKI John
    Commemorative plaque, cathedral basilica, Płock
    source: own collection
  • KARWOWSKI John - Munument to the memory of murdered victims, murder site, Ościsłowo forest, source: glinojeck.info, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKARWOWSKI John
    Munument to the memory of murdered victims, murder site, Ościsłowo forest
    source: glinojeck.info
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Płock diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

honorary titles

honorary canon (Pułtusk collegiate)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of birth

25.06.1896

Sadkowo (Płońsk county)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

27.10.1918 (Płock)

positions held

parish priest of Krasne parish (1932‑40), f. first director of Catholic Action in Płock diocese (1930‑2), f. prefect of gymnasium in Gostynin (1927‑30), f. prefect in Teachers’ School (Seminary) in Wymyślin (1926‑7), f. prefect of gymnasium and Teachers’ School (Seminary) in Pułtusk (1919‑26), f. vicar of Góra parish (1918‑9)

date and place of death

11.01.1940

Ościsłowo (Ciechanów county)

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the II World War joined the refuge crowd and went to Warsaw. After Warsaw capitulation and start of German occupation returned in 10.1939 to his parish. At the beginning of 11.1939 evicted by the Germans from his rectory and later on 08.11.1939 arrested. Jailed in Ciechanów prison. Released after two months, on 08.01.1940, returned to his parish. There three day later on 11.01.1940 arrested by the Germans again, driven out together with Fr Stephen Nowakowski among others and on the same day executed (might have been taken to Ciechanów prior to murder) in a mass murder in Ościsłowo forest.

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

NOWAKOWSKI Steven

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Ościsłowo: In 01.1940‑02.1940 Germans murdered in Ościsłowo forests n. Glinojeck in excess of 1,700 Poles, mainly sick and disabled and intelligentsia — as part of „Intelligenzaktion”, extermination of Polish intelligentsia — from Ciechanów county and jailed in Ciechanów prison. The murders took place also in the following years. In the largest mass murder in Germ. Regierungsbezirk Zichenau (Eng. Ciechanów Regency), part of German province Germ. Ostpreußen (Eng. East Prussia), in German occupied northern Masovia where German state law was in force, Germans murdered on 20.02.1940 c. 900 disabled (some sources talk about 2,000‑3,000 victims). Among the victims of Ościsłowo forest were at least two Catholic priests. (more on: www.ciechtivi.pl [access: 2013.12.04])

Ciechanów: Detention centre run by Germans. After German expulsion by the Russians in 1945 also a Russian transit camp for German prisoners, among others, prior to exile to concentration camps in Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
mazowsze.hist.pl [access: 2013.01.13], pamiec.pl [access: 2014.01.16]
bibliograhical:
„Płock diocese clergy martyrology during II World War 1939‑1945”, Fr Nicholas Marian Grzybowski, Włocławek–Płock 2002
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
original images:
glinojeck.info [access: 2015.05.09]

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