• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • KANIAK Michael Augustine (Fr Czeslav), source: www.sowiniec.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKANIAK Michael Augustine (Fr Czeslav)
    source: www.sowiniec.com.pl
    own collection
  • KANIAK Michael Augustine (Fr Czeslav); source: Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, „Lexicon of Polish clergy repressed in USSR in 1939—1988”, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKANIAK Michael Augustine (Fr Czeslav)
    source: Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, „Lexicon of Polish clergy repressed in USSR in 1939—1988”, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
    own collection

surname

KANIAK

forename(s)

Michael Augustine (pl. Michał Augustyn)

religious forename(s)

Czeslav (pl. Czesław)

  • KANIAK Michael Augustine (Fr Czeslav) - Commemorative plaque, St Dominic church, Warsaw-New Town-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKANIAK Michael Augustine (Fr Czeslav)
    Commemorative plaque, St Dominic church, Warsaw-New Town-New Town
    source: own collection
  • KANIAK Michael Augustine (Fr Czeslav) - Commemorative plaque, St Dominic church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKANIAK Michael Augustine (Fr Czeslav)
    Commemorative plaque, St Dominic church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection
  • KANIAK Michael Augustine (Fr Czeslav) - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOKANIAK Michael Augustine (Fr Czeslav)
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Order of Preachers (Dominican Order, Dominicans - OP)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06]

diocese / province

Lviv archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

academic distinctions

Dominican Fathers' Lector of Holy Theology

date and place of birth

12.09.1892

Lviv

religious vows

1910 (last)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

12.09.1915 (Szombathely)

positions held

deputy prior of Corpus Christi monastery in Lviv (till 1940), confessor to women congregations in Lviv, books censor, superior of Third Order of St Dominic in Poland (from 1930), author of the Third Order of St Dominic rule in Poland (1931), f. lecturer of Holy Bible at Dominican Studio in Lviv (1934‑7, 1918‑30), f. prior of Tarnopol monastery (1930‑3), Lector of Holy Theology — specializing in in scripture and Hebrew (1917), f. student in Vienna (1915‑8), f. student of Collegium Angelicum in Rome (1912‑5), f. philosophy student in Lviv (c. 1910‑2), novitiate in Cracow (1909‑10), joined the Congregation at Holy Trinity monastery in Cracow on 09.08.1909

date and place of death

24.03.1941

Kropyvnytskyi/Kirovohrad (Ukraine )

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War became de–facto prior of Lviv monastery. Got involved in efforts to help Poles deported by the Russians to Siberia and their orphaned families. Allowed the Lviv Theological Seminary to conduct activities in his monastery. In the evening permitted professors of the John Casimir University to clandestinely lecture and conduct exercises for their students. Collaborated with an emerging Polish clandestine resistance Armed Struggle Union ZWZ organization (part of later Polish Clandestine State) — e.g. in hid the so‑called „Poznań pawnshop treasure” (deposits of Poznań „Mons Pius” bank brought to Lviv in 1939, and used to cover cost of clandestine travel of Polish soldiers to France to join the army being organized by Polish Prime Minister, gen. Sikorski) in his monastery. As a member of ZWZ finance committee collaborated with Fr Adam Bogdanowicz and Fr Joseph Panaś. Arrested on 13.04.1940 by Russian NKVD during mass arrests of Lviv members of ZWZ. Part of them were subsequently sentenced to death in the so‑called „Trial of the Fourteen”. Held in Lviv prison and next transported away in an „unknown direction”. Prob. on 29.11(09).1940 in Kirovohrad „sentenced” by the Russians to death and there murdered in prison.

alt. dates and places of death

1940, 1941

Lviv

perpetrators

Russians

others related in death

BOGDANOWICZ de ROSCO Adam Henry, KISIEL John, PANAŚ Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Trial of 19-20.11.1940: In 03.1940 till 06.1940 Russians arrested in Lviv hundreds of members of an emerging Polish clandestine resistance Armed Struggle Union ZWZ organization (part of later Polish Clandestine State). They were held in Lviv prisons. Tortured (special fame earned Russian genocidal NKVD sadistic member, J. M. Libenson of Jewish origin). 14 of them were tried in Zamarstynów prison during the night of 19–20.11.1940, before a „Troika NKVD” — a murderous Russian court. Prosecuted Mr Nowicki, Ukrainian. All stated that they were proud members of ZWZ. At 02:00 in the morning 13 of them were sentenced to death, among them two priests. One, as a juvenile, got 10 years in Russian concentration camps Gulag (and perished there, prob. in Kołyma). On 11.12.1940 Russian Kiev prosecutors’ office „did not endorse cassation applications” (one of the condemned, Fr Bogdanowicz, wrote his in Polish!). On 21.12.1940 the Criminal College at Supreme Court in Kiev upheld most of the sentences. Finally on 17.02.1941 all sentences were upheld by Russian Supreme Court in Moscow. All condemned in this „trial of the fourteen” were thus executed by the Russians, prob. Katyń style, with a shot to the back of the head. (more on: www.google.pl [access: 2017.01.21])

Lviv (Zamarstynów): Penal prison. In 1939‑41 Russians organised there an NKVD detention centre and jailed thousands of prisoners, mainly Poles and Ukrainians, interrogating them and torturing. In 06.1941 after German invasion Russians murdered few thousands of them in a mass massacre. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Deportations to Siberia: In 1939‑41 Russians deported — in four large groups in: 10.02.1940, 13‑14.04.1940, 05‑07.1940, 05‑06.1941 — up to 1 mln of Polish citizens from Russian occupied Poland to Siberia leaving them without any support at the place of exile. Thousands of them perished or never returned. The deportations east, deep into Russia, to Siberia resumed after 1944 when Russians took over Poland. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.jerzyrobertnowak.com [access: 2012.11.23], cracovia-leopolis.pl [access: 2013.01.06], otk.armenia.pl [access: 2013.06.23], biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.05.09]
bibliograhical:
„Trial of the Fourteen”, Ms Elisabeth Kotarska, Volumen, 1998
„Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
„Lexicon of Polish clergy repressed in USSR in 1939‑1988”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
www.sowiniec.com.pl [access: 2014.11.22], ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]

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