Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
diocese / province
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Doctor of Theology
date and place of birth
Jasionowa Dolina (Sokółka county)
presbyter (holy orders)/
dean of Grodno deanery (1937‑45), parish priest of St Francis Xavier parish in Grodno in Grodno deanery (1937‑45), f. dean of Vawkavysk deanery (1927‑37), f. parish priest of St Vaclav parish in Vawkavysk in Vawkavysk deanery (1927‑37), f. dogmatic and moral theology professor teologii at Theological Seminary in Vilnius (1919‑27), f. parish priest of Łużki parish in Dzisna deanery (1914‑9), f. philosophy and theology PhD and undergraduate student at Swiss Fribourg University (1909‑14), f. parish priest Olkowicze in Wilejka deanery (1907‑9), Łyntupy in Święciany deanery (1907), Strabla in Bielsk Podlaski deanery (1904‑7), Kalinówka Kościelna in Knyszyn deanery (1903‑4) parishes, f. vicar of Krzemienica Kościelna parish in Vawkavysk deanery (1902‑3), f. philosophy and theology student of Theological Seminary in Vilnius (1897‑1901)
date and place of death
Nowosady (n. Minsk, Belarus)
cause of death
details of death
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of Russian occupation led clandestine charity works in St Vincent a Paulo Mercy Society. In danger of imminent discover and arrested dissolved Society on 13.04.1940. After German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, founded in Grodno on 01.08.1941 Citizens Committee for Assistance to War Victims and became its chairman. On 03.10.1941 Germans forbidden its activities. For the first time arrested in 10.1942 by the Germans. Released on 02.11.1942. Next arrested by the Germans on 23.09.1943. Jailed in Białystok prison. Released after 10 days. Finally arrested on 20.07.1945 — after German defeat and end of the hostilies of the II World War — by the Russians, at the first station beyond Grodno when travelling to Vilnius for discussions with Abp Jałbrzykowski, summoned by a telegram. Jailed in Grodno and next in Minsk prisons. On 24.12.1945 sentenced by the Russians — for „ treason towards motherland, enmity towards the state […] and anti–Soviet activities” committed while working for the Civic Committee for Help to Victims of War: his reply was that he did not „regard himself as traitor […] for his homeland is Poland” — to 8 years of slave labour in Russian Gułag concentration camps. Kept initially in Minsk prison and following that in Nowosady n. Minsk concentration camp, where perished.
camps (+ prisoner no)
Nowosady (n. Minsk): Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp (prob. part of Gulag penal system), operational after the end of military operations of the II World War, prob. somewhere between Minsk and Borisov in Belarus where many Poles accused of partisan and anti–Russian activities were held.
Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Minsk: Russian prison. In 1937 site of mass murders perpetrated by the Russians during a „Great Purge”. After Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War place of incarceration of many Poles, In 06.1941, under attack by Germans, Russians murdered there a group of Polish prisoner kept in Central and co‑called American prisons in Mińsk. The rest were driven towards Czerwień in a „death march” (10,000‑20,000 prisoners perished), into Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])
Grodno: Prison used both by the Russians (in 1920, 1939‑41 and from 1944) and the Germans (in 1941‑4). Thousands of Poles were jailed there.
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])
www.glaukopis.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.wsm.archibial.pl [access: 2012.12.28], samlib.ru [access: 2019.02.02], www.katolicy.eu [access: 2013.05.19]
„Vilnius archdiocese clergy martyrology 1939‑1945”, Fr Thaddeus Krahel, Białystok, 2017
www.wsm.archibial.pl [access: 2012.12.28], ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]
If you have an email client on your communicator/computer — such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Windows Mail or Microsoft Outlook, described at Wikipedia, among others — try the link below, please:
If however you do not run such a client or the above link is not active please send an email to the Custodian/Administrator using your account — in your customary email/correspondence engine — at the following address:
giving the following as the subject:
MARTYROLOGY: JAROSZEWICZ Albin
To return to the biography press below: