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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

HERMANOWICZ

forename(s)

Boleslaus (pl. Bolesław)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Vilnius archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of birth

08.12.1897

Werki (Vilnius)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

29.05.1921

positions held

parish priest of Wołożyn parish in Wiszniew deanery (1941‑2), administrator of Zabrzeź parish in Wiszniew deanery (1941‑2), f. vicar–cooperator of parish Wawiórka in Lida deanery (1939‑41), f. parish priest of Hermaniszki parish in Bieniakonie deanery (1936‑39), f. administrator of Gieranony in Bieniakonie deanery (1939), Werenowo in Bieniakonie deanery (1939) parishes, f. parish priest of Jęczmieniszki in Kalwarja deanery (1933‑6), Brzostowica Wielka in Brzostowica Wielka deanery (1929‑33) parishes, f. administrator (till 1929) and vicar of Dobrzyniewo Kościelne parish in Białystok deanery, f. prefect of Teachers' Seminary in Świsłocz, f. vicar of Żołudek in Lida deanery, Parafianów in Postawy–nadwileński deanery (from 1925), Iwje in Wiszniew deanery (1924‑5), Kalwaria in Kalwarja deanery (1921‑4) parishes, f. student at Theological Department of Stephen Batory University in Vilnius (1921‑c. 1923), f. philosophy and theology student of Theological Seminary in Vilnius (till 1921)

date and place of death

09.1943

Wołożyn

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, arrested by the Germans c. in 06.‑07.1942, prob. during „Polenaktion” aimed at Polish intelligentsia of Vilnius and Nowogródek regions. Jailed in Wilejka and Wołożyn prisons andgaols. Murdered by the Germans, prob. with Fr Sigismund Miłkowski and Fr Anthony Udalski.

alt. dates and places of death

10.03.1943

Lida
Wilejka (Stara Wilejka)

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

MIŁKOWSKI Sigismund, UDALSKI Anthony

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Wilejka: During Russian occupation — after German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War — largest prison in Vilnius region, originally in the buildings of pre–war Polish prison, subsequently expanded to buildings of a large hospital. Within the prison grounds Russians perpetrated numerous mass murders on mainly Polish prisoners. It is estimated that c. 1,200 prisoners were buried there. After German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, 24.06.1941 Russians initiated forced evacuation of prisoners — part of general genocidal massacres of prisoners ordered by highest Russian authorities — during which 500‑800 prisoners marched off towards Borysów were murdered. Few dozen of them murdered in Kosuta forest, c. 9 km from Wilejka. Later German prison where, as during Russian occupation, mostly Poles were held captive and where mass murders were carried out as well, including a few Polish priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2017.06.16])

Polenaktion 1942: In the summer of 1942 in German–occupied Germ. Generalbezirk Weißruthenien (Eng. General Region of Belarus) — in Nowogródek region among others — Germans carried out „Polenaktion” initiative: the name introduced in a special resolution drafted by Reichssicherheitshauptamt RSHA (Eng. Reich Main Security Office). The action included sacking of all Poles from civilian regional apparatus and police and replacing them with Belarusians. Thousands of Poles were also forcibly deported to Germany as slave labourers. On 26‑30.06.1942 in all counties of the region more than 1,000 representatives of Polish intelligentsia were arrested and subsequently murdered. In Lida region 16 Polish priests were arrested among others. 5 Polish parish priests from Głebokie and Postawy deanery were murdered as well. At the same time Germans set up Kołdyczego n. Baranowicze and Trościaniec Mały n. Mińsk concentration camps. The implementation of this genocide project was entrusted to Belarusian police formations supported by Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Latvian and Russian (RONA) collaborators.

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.wsm.archibial.pl [access: 2012.12.28]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
„Vilnius archdiocese clergy martyrology 1939‑1945”, Fr Thaddeus Krahel, Białystok, 2017

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