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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

GUZENDA

forename(s)

Charles Sigismund (pl. Karol Zygmunt)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Włocławek diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of birth

14.08.1901

Pabianice

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

14.06.1925 (Włocławek)

positions held

prefect of elementary schools in Włocławek (1925‑39), deputy custodian of Włocławek cathedral (1936‑9), vicar of Włocławek–cathedral parish (1925‑39), f. volunteer in Polish–Russian war of 1920

date and place of death

09.02.1945

Hersbruck

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

Arrested on 21.10.1939 at the „conference” organised by Germans at which the re‑start of Polish schools was to be discussed. Jailed in Włocławek prison. Next moved to Stablack POW camp. From there transported out, prob. to Rudau and Groß–Mischen slave camps. Released together with POW soldiers returned to Włocławek. In danger of imminent arrest crossed over to General Governorate. Settled in Warsaw where taught at nursing courses and ministered at G. P. Baudouin orphans’ house. Captured on the first day of Warsaw Uprising. Interned at Pruszków transit camp. From there transported to Hersbruck, sub–camp of KL Flossenbürg concentration camp, where perished.

others related in death

BAGDZIŃSKI Mieczyslav, CHWIŁOWICZ Mieczyslav, JANKOWSKI Anthony, KEMPIŃSKI Stanislaus, KLEPACZEWSKI Louis, KRYSIŃSKI John Julian, MIASTKOWSKI Anthony, PŁOSZAJ Stanislaus, SZCZEPANOWSKI Stanislaus Felix, SZCZODROWSKI Marian

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Flossenbürg (prisoner no: 24462): German concentration camp in which approx. 96,000 prisoners were held captive. Approx. 30,000‑77,000 of them perished, among them up to 17,000 Poles. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

DL 121 Pruszków: Durchgangslager 121 Pruszków (Eng. transit camp) – transit camp where Germans herded Warsaw (and its vicinity) civilian population captured during and after Warsaw Uprising. Set up on 06.01.1944 functioned till 12.1944. C. 390,000–410,000 people were held captive. Most of them were sent subsequently to concentration camps and forced slave labour in Germany. Few hundred – few thousands of them perished in the camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.03.01])

Warsaw Uprising: Lasted from 01.08.1944 till 03.10.1944. Was an attempt to liberate Polish capital from occupying Germans by the Polish Clandestine State — a unique in the history of the world political structure on the territories occupied by the Germans, effectively governing clandestinely in Poland — and by fighting on its behalf underground military units, mainly of Home Army (former Armed Struggle Association ZWZ) and National Armed Forced (NSZ). At the same time Russians stopped on purpose the offensive on all front, halted on the other bank of Vistula river and watched calmly the annihilation of the city, refusing even the mid–landing rights to the Allied planes carrying weapons and supplies to the insurgents from Italy. During the Uprising Germans murdered approx. 200,000 Poles, mainly civilians. Approx. 200 priests and nuns died in fighting or were murdered by the Germans, many in mass executions. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. From 1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Groß-Mischen: Groß‑Mischen (Miszewo) was a German camp where approx. 200 teachers of secondary schools and priest from Włocławek and vicinity were held among others in 1939 — as part of „Intelligenzaktion”, German program of physical extermination of Polish intelligentsia and leading classes — and were forced to work on e.g. motorway constructions. The camp was dissolved in approx. 12.1939 and the letters sent to inmates were returned with a note „addresse unknown”. None of the prisoners held in Rudau, Groß‑Mischen and Beidritten camps ever returned home. (more on: pamiec.pl [access: 2014.03.10])

Rudau: Rudau II bei Königsberg was a German camp where approx. 200 teachers of secondary schools and priest from Włocławek and vicinity were held among others in 1939 — as part of „Intelligenzaktion”, German program of physical extermination of Polish intelligentsia and leading classes — and were forced to work on e.g. motorway constructions. The camp was dissolved in approx. 12.1939 and the letters sent to inmates were returned with a note „addresse unknown”. None of the prisoners held in Rudau, Groß‑Mischen and Beidritten camps ever returned home. (more on: www.1wrzesnia39.pl [access: 2013.10.05])

Stalag 1-A Stablack: Stalag 1‑A — German POW camp for non‑commissioned officers and privates in the vicinity of todays Stabławek and Kamińsk villages (Bartoszyce county) and partly n. Dołgorukowo, then in Preussich Eylau county (today in Russian Królewiec enclave). After attack of Poland Germans brought to it till the end of 09.1939 c. 40,000 POWs. Altogether during 1939‑45 c. 255,000 prisoners from whole Europe were held there. More than 10 thousand perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

Włocławek: Police detention centre at Karnkowski str. in downtown Włocławek run by Germans. In 1939‑40 Germans held there hundreds of Poles, including dozens of Polish priests, that were subsequently transported to German concentration camps. (more on: www.sztetl.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: www.sztetl.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Polish-Russian war of 1919—20: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

sources

personal:
www.niedziela.pl [access: 2013.05.19], digital.fides.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.straty.pl [access: 2016.03.14], martyrologia.wloclawek.pl [access: 2013.10.05]
bibliograhical:
„Victims of German crime among Włocławek diocese clergy”, Fr Stanislau Librowski, „Włocławek Diocese Chronicle”, 07‑08.1947

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