• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

LINK to Nu HTML Checker

WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

GUZENDA

forename(s)

Charles Sigismund (pl. Karol Zygmunt)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Włocławek diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Włocławek ie. Kalisz diocese

date and place of death

09.02.1945

KL-A Hersbruck
Hersbruck, Middle Franconia reg., Bavaria, Germany

details of death

During Polish–Russian war of 1919‑21 volunteer of Polish Army — fought on the southern and Lithuanian fronts. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 21.10.1939 at the „conference” organised by Germans at which the re‑start of Polish schools was to be discussed. Jailed in Włocławek prison. Next moved to Stablack POW camp. From there transported out, prob. to Rudau and Groß–Mischen slave camps. Released together with POW soldiers returned to Włocławek. In danger of imminent arrest crossed over to General Governorate. Settled in Warsaw where taught at nursing courses and ministered at G. P. Baudouin orphans’ house. Captured on the first day of Warsaw Uprising. Interned at Pruszków transit camp. From there transported to KL‑A Hersbruck, sub–camp of KL Flossenbürg concentration camp, where perished.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

14.08.1901

Pabianice
Pabianice pow., Łódź voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

14.06.1925 (Włocławek)

positions held

till 1939 — conductor {church: Włocławek, cathedral Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; cathedral choir}
1936–1939 — vicar {parish: Włocławek, cathedral Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Włocławek}, also: deputy cathedral custodian and prefect of elementary schools
1930–1931 — vicar {parish: Włocławek, cathedral Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Włocławek}, also: prefect of elementary schools
1929–1930 — resident {parish: Izbica Kujawska, St Florian and St Matthew; church: Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Izbica Kujawska}
1925–1929 — vicar {parish: Włocławek, cathedral Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary; dean.: Włocławek}, also: prefect of elementary schools
1921–1925 — student {Włocławek, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

BAGDZIŃSKI Mieczyslav, CHWIŁOWICZ Mieczyslav, JANKOWSKI Anthony, KEMPIŃSKI Stanislaus, KLEPACZEWSKI Louis, KRYSIŃSKI John Julian, MIASTKOWSKI Anthony, PŁOSZAJ Stanislaus, SZCZEPANOWSKI Stanislaus Felix, SZCZODROWSKI Marian

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL-A Hersbruck: KL–Außenlager (Eng. Satellite Camp) of German concentration camp KL Flossenbürg, near Hersbruck town in Bavaria. Functioned from 17.05.1944 till 04.1945. A slave work camp, where prisoners were used to help manufacture German weaponry — in tunnels dug in Houbirg hill airplane motors were manufactured. C. 9,500 prisoners — Hungarian Jews, Russian POWs, Poles, Italians and French — slaved for a German BMW manufacturer, digging new tunnels, etc. C. 2,640 prisoners perished. (more on: de.wikipedia.org [access: 2020.07.31])

KL Flossenbürg (prisoner no: 24462): German concentration camp, founded in 05.1938, where a total of approx. 96,000 prisoners were held captive. In 1942 it became the „mother camp” for many external commandos and sub‑camps whose prisoners worked as slaves for the needs of the German arms industry. On 09.04.1945 Germans executed in the camp several people related to 20.07.1944 assassination plot on Hitler, including Wilhelm Canaris, Hans Oster and Dietrich Bonhoeffer. On 20.04.1945, facing the approach of the Allied troops, about 22,000 prisoners were marched out in the so–called „Death March” to KL Dachau. Over 7,000 perished along the way. The camp was liberated on 23.04.1945 by American troops. In total, 30,000–77,000 prisoners died in the camp, including up to 17,000. Poles. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2021.05.20])

DL 121 Pruszków: Durchgangslager 121 Pruszków (Eng. transit camp) – transit camp where Germans herded Warsaw (and its vicinity) civilian population captured during and after Warsaw Uprising. Set up on 06.01.1944 functioned till 12.1944. C. 390,000–410,000 people were held captive. Most of them were sent subsequently to concentration camps and forced slave labour in Germany. Few hundred – few thousands of them perished in the camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.03.01])

Warsaw Uprising: Lasted from 01.08.1944 till 03.10.1944. Was an attempt to liberate Polish capital from occupying Germans by the Polish Clandestine State — a unique in the history of the world political structure on the territories occupied by the Germans, effectively governing clandestinely in Poland — and by fighting on its behalf underground military units, mainly of Home Army (former Armed Struggle Association ZWZ) and National Armed Forced (NSZ). At the same time Russians stopped on purpose the offensive on all front, halted on the other bank of Vistula river and watched calmly the annihilation of the city, refusing even the mid–landing rights to the Allied planes carrying weapons and supplies to the insurgents from Italy. During the Uprising Germans murdered approx. 200,000 Poles, mainly civilians. Approx. 200 priests and nuns died in fighting or were murdered by the Germans, many in mass executions. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

AbL Groß—Mischen: AbL Groß‑Mischen (Miszewo–Svobodnoye in Sambia) was a German camp where approx. 200 teachers of secondary schools and priest from Włocławek and vicinity were held among others in 1939 — as part of Germ. „Intelligenzaktion”, German program of physical extermination of Polish intelligentsia and leading classes — and were forced to work on e.g. motorway constructions. The camp operated prob. as Germ. Arbeitslager (Eng. Labour Camp) — and thus it is assumed in White Book. It was dissolved in c. 12.1939 / 01.1940 and the letters sent to inmates were returned with a note „addressee unknown”. None of the prisoners held in Rudau, AbL Groß‑Mischen and AbL Beidritten camps ever returned home — all Polish prisoners at the beginning of 1940 were transferred to KL Soldau (then DL Soldau) and prompty murdered during Germ. „Intelligenzaktion” against Polish leading classes. (more on: pamiec.pl [access: 2014.03.10])

AbL Rudau: AbL Rudau II bei Königsberg (now Melnikovo) was a German camp where approx. 200 teachers of secondary schools and priest from Włocławek and vicinity were held among others in 1939 — as part of Germ. „Intelligenzaktion”, German program of physical extermination of Polish intelligentsia and leading classes — and were forced to work on e.g. motorway constructions. The camp operated prob. as Germ. Arbeitslager (Eng. Labour Camp) — and thus it is assumed in White Book. It was dissolved in c. 12.1939 / 01.1940 and the letters sent to inmates were returned with a note „ addressee unknown”. None of the prisoners held in Rudau, AbL Groß‑Mischen and AbL Beidritten camps ever returned home — all Polish prisoners at the beginning of 1940 were transferred to KL Soldau (then DL Soldau) and prompty murdered during Germ. „Intelligenzaktion”. (more on: www.1wrzesnia39.pl [access: 2013.10.05])

Stalag 1-A Stablack: Stalag 1‑A — German POW camp for non‑commissioned officers and privates in the vicinity of todays Stabławek and Kamińsk villages (Bartoszyce county) and partly n. Dołgorukowo, then in Preussich Eylau county (today in Russian Królewiec enclave). After attack of Poland Germans brought to it till the end of 09.1939 c. 40,000 POWs. Altogether during 1939‑45 c. 255,000 prisoners from whole Europe were held there. More than 10 thousand perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.03.10])

Włocławek: Police detention centre at Karnkowski str. in downtown Włocławek run by Germans. In 1939‑40 Germans held there hundreds of Poles, including dozens of Polish priests, that were subsequently transported to German concentration camps. (more on: www.sztetl.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: www.sztetl.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Polish-Russian war of 1919—20: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

sources

personal:
www.niedziela.pl [access: 2013.05.19], digital.fides.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.straty.pl [access: 2016.03.14], martyrologia.wloclawek.pl [access: 2013.10.05]
bibliograhical:
„Victims of German crime among Włocławek diocese clergy”, Fr Stanislau Librowski, „Włocławek Diocese Chronicle”, 07‑08.1947
„Annals of the Włocławek diocese — 1926‑39 (also: Catalogus Ecclesiarum et Utriusque Cleri tam Saecularis quam Regularis dioecesis Wladislaviensis seu Calissiensis — till 1925)”, Włocławek and Włocławel-Kalisz diocesan Curia

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If you have an email client on your communicator/computer — such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Windows Mail or Microsoft Outlook, described at Wikipedia, among others  — try the link below, please:

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If however you do not run such a client or the above link is not active please send an email to the Custodian/Administrator using your account — in your customary email/correspondence engine — at the following address:

EMAIL ADDRESS

giving the following as the subject:

MARTYROLOGY: GUZENDA Charles Sigismund

To return to the biography press below: