• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • GRUDZIŃSKI Emanuel - 24.07.1930, Kamień Pomorski, source: krajna.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRUDZIŃSKI Emanuel
    24.07.1930, Kamień Pomorski
    source: krajna.com.pl
    own collection
  • GRUDZIŃSKI Emanuel - 1934, Sępólno Krajeńskie, source: sepolno.krajenskie.archiwa.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRUDZIŃSKI Emanuel
    1934, Sępólno Krajeńskie
    source: sepolno.krajenskie.archiwa.org
    own collection
  • GRUDZIŃSKI Emanuel - 1933, Sępólno Krajeńskie, source: sepolno.krajenskie.archiwa.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRUDZIŃSKI Emanuel
    1933, Sępólno Krajeńskie
    source: sepolno.krajenskie.archiwa.org
    own collection

surname

GRUDZIŃSKI

forename(s)

Emanuel

  • GRUDZIŃSKI Emanuel - Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGRUDZIŃSKI Emanuel
    Commemorative plaque, porch, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary into Heaven cathedral, Pelplin
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Culm (Chełmno) diocese
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23]

honorary titles

Spiritual Counselor

date and place of birth

01.06.1886

Sylczno (Bytów county)

alt. dates and places of birth

01.06.1866

Sitna Góra (Kartuzy county)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

02.04.1911 (St Barbara Theological Seminary chapel in Pelplin)

positions held

parish priest of St Bartholomew the Apostle parish in Sępólno Krajeńskie (1919‑39), f. vicar of Chojnice parish (1911‑9)

date and place of death

17.10.1939

cause of death

murder

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War arrested by the Germans on 14.10.1939 and kept for 3 days in Sępólno Krajeńskie prison. From there transported out in unknown direction. Murdered in unknown circumstances. Possible places of death: one of the concentration and transit camps in Karolewo, IL Resmin or KL Stutthof concentration camp.

alt. dates and places of death

IL Karolewo
IL Resmin
KL Stutthof

perpetrators

Germans

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

IL Karolewo: In 1939 during action „Intelligenzaktion” — extermination of Polish intelligentsia and leading classes in Pomerania — Germans set up in Karolewo (today: in Sępólno Krajeńskie county) a concentration camp (Germ. Internierungslager Karlshof) for arrested Poles from Krajna region. By 12.1939 when the Karolewo camp was shut down Germans had murdered from 4,000 to 10,000 Poles in nearby surrounding forests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06])

IL Resmin: German transit camp (niem. Internierungslager) in Radzim village, set up in a local manor for Krajno region inhabitants, operational from 10.1939 till 12.1939 — exclusively men (some women and children who found themselves accidentally were murdered on the spot). Among others on c. 15.01.1939 Germans brought to it — and to a small sub‑camp Komierowo, c. 10 km away — all prisoners of a nearby — c. 10 km — transit camp in Drożdzienica. As a part of „Intelligenzaktion” — aimed at extermination of Polish intelligentsia and ruling classes in Pomerania — Germans murdered in Radzim approx. 5,000 victims. They were murdered at the camp itself (mainly in the manor’s park) or executed outside, in a site of mass executions in Rudzki Most n. Tuchola among others. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19])

KL Stutthof: In KL Stutthof (then in Eastern Prussian belonging to Germany, today: Sztutowo village) concentration camp, that Germans started to build on 02.09.1939, a day after German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War, Germans held c. 100‑127 thousands prisoners from 28 countries, including 47 thousands women and children. C. 65,000 victims were murdered and exterminated. In the period of 25.01–27.04.1945 in the face of approaching Russian army Germans evacuated the camp. When on 09.05.1945 Russians soldiers entered the camp only 100 prisoners were still there. In an initial period (1939‑40) Polish Catholic priests from Pomerania were held captive there before being transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. Some of them were murdered in KL Stutthof or vicinity (for instance in Stegna forest). Also later some Catholic priests were held in KL Stutthof. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: stutthof.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.wtg-gniazdo.org [access: 2012.11.23], www.wiadomosci.zas.pl [access: 2013.07.06], www.parafia-sepolno.pl [access: 2015.09.30]
original images:
krajna.com.pl [access: 2018.11.18], sepolno.krajenskie.archiwa.org [access: 2018.11.18], sepolno.krajenskie.archiwa.org [access: 2018.11.18]

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