• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • GROCHOWSKI Maximilian - C. 1935, Złotów, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROCHOWSKI Maximilian
    C. 1935, Złotów
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection
  • GROCHOWSKI Maximilian, source: szkolapodstawowawglubczynie.edupage.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROCHOWSKI Maximilian
    source: szkolapodstawowawglubczynie.edupage.org
    own collection
  • GROCHOWSKI Maximilian, source: www.bohaterowiekrajny.krakow.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROCHOWSKI Maximilian
    source: www.bohaterowiekrajny.krakow.pl
    own collection
  • GROCHOWSKI Maximilian, source: www.bohaterowiekrajny.krakow.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROCHOWSKI Maximilian
    source: www.bohaterowiekrajny.krakow.pl
    own collection

surname

GROCHOWSKI

forename(s)

Maximilian (pl. Maksymilian)

  • GROCHOWSKI Maximilian - Grave plaque, Holity Trinity church cemetery, Głubczyn, source: fotopolska.eu, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROCHOWSKI Maximilian
    Grave plaque, Holity Trinity church cemetery, Głubczyn
    source: fotopolska.eu
    own collection
  • GROCHOWSKI Maximilian - Plaque, public school, Głubczyn, source: www.bohaterowiekrajny.krakow.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROCHOWSKI Maximilian
    Plaque, public school, Głubczyn
    source: www.bohaterowiekrajny.krakow.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Territorial Prelature of Schneidemühl
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.07.06]
Culm (Chełmno) diocese
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2012.11.23]

date and place of birth

12.12.1869

Borzechowo

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

24.03.1897

positions held

parish priest of Głubczyn parish (1907‑39), f. administrator of Lutowo parish (1906‑7), f. vicar of Godziszewo (1901‑6), Oksywie (1897‑1901) parishes, member of Union of Poles in Germany, f. theology and philosophy student at Theological Seminary in Pelplin (till 1897)

date and place of death

07.11.1939

Tuczno

cause of death

exhaustion

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the II World War arrested by the Germans on 11.09.1939. Jailed for a fortnight in Złotów prison and next in Albatros transit camp in Piła. After another few weeks seriously ill released. Did not recover and died shortly after in the hospital.

alt. details of death

His name is on the list of KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp victims.

perpetrators

Germans

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

ZL Albatros: German transit Germ. Zivilgefangenenlager (Eng. camp for civilians) in Piła, operational in 09‑12.1939, mainly for Polish teachers and religious, who were treated especially rough, before transporting them to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, and for Jews. Prisoners were forced to slave in German manufacturing plants and local farms. Altogether more than 500 Poles were held captive there. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.11.17])

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19], www.pspwglubczynie.republika.pl [access: 2013.12.04], mpn.poznan.uw.gov.pl [access: 2013.05.19]
original images:
commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2018.02.15], szkolapodstawowawglubczynie.edupage.org [access: 2018.02.15], www.bohaterowiekrajny.krakow.pl [access: 2018.02.15], www.bohaterowiekrajny.krakow.pl [access: 2018.02.15], fotopolska.eu [access: 2014.01.06], www.bohaterowiekrajny.krakow.pl [access: 2018.02.15]

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