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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • GROCHOWSKI Casimir; source: Fr Thaddeus Krahel, „Vilnius archdiocese clergy martyrology 1939—1945”, Białystok, 2017, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGROCHOWSKI Casimir
    source: Fr Thaddeus Krahel, „Vilnius archdiocese clergy martyrology 1939—1945”, Białystok, 2017
    own collection

surname

GROCHOWSKI

forename(s)

Casimir (pl. Kazimierz)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Vilnius archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

date and place
of death

10.1942

Slonimtoday: Slonim dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]

alt. dates and places
of death

03.1942, 19.12.1942

Baranavichytoday: Baranavichy dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.05.02]

Petralevichitoday: Petralevichi 1 and Petralevichi 2, Pavlovo ssov., Slonim dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
be.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.01.18]

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of Russian occupation nominated in 1939 — because of the absence of the parish priest — the parish administrator.

Evicted by the Russians from the rectory moved to the Sisters of the Immaculate Conception monastery and next to private house.

After German attack on 22.06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, and start of German occupation elected — as born in former, pre World War I, German part of Poland — Baranavichy mayor.

Attempted to help persecuted Jews issuing baptism certificates.

For the first time arrested by the Germans in 1941/2 during first massacres of the Baranavichy Jews (60% of Baranavichy population).

Released after a dozen or so hours.

For the second time arrested by the Germans prob. in 06‐07.1942, during Jewish mutiny in Baranavichy that ended up in Baranavichy ghetto massacre.

For three days held in local prison.

Finally prob. in 10.1942 arrested yet again by the Germans — during his rectory's search a baptized Jewish girl was discovered.

Brought to Baranavichy cemetery and murdered.

alt. details of death

According to other sources arrested by the Germans in 03‐04.1942.

Jailed in Slonim prison and after a week transferred to Baranovychi prison where murdered.

According to yet another sources arrested on 29.06.1942, together with c. 120 local prominent Poles, as part of so‐called «Polenaktion» — aimed at Polish intelligentsia in the Belarus — on the day of a Jewish revolt in Baranavichy ghetto.

Held in Slonim prison and murdered in a mass execution on Petralevichy Hill (c. 2 km from Slonim), together with Sr Bogumila Noiszewska, Sr Casimira Wołowska and Fr Adam Sztark, among others.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Germans

date and place
of birth

24.01.1909

Nakło nad Noteciątoday: Nakło nad Notecią gm., Nakło nad Notecią pov., Kuyavia‐Pomerania voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

18.06.1939 (Vilnius cathedralmore on
pl.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
)

positions held

1939 – 1942

administrator — Slonimtoday: Slonim dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
⋄ St Andrew the Apostle RC parish (main parish)Slonimtoday: Slonim dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
RC deanery

1939

vicar — Slonimtoday: Slonim dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
⋄ St Andrew the Apostle RC parish (main parish)Slonimtoday: Slonim dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.29]
RC deanery

till 1939

student — Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
⋄ Department of Theology, Stephen Batory University [i.e. Vilnius University (from 1945) / some faculties acting clandestinely (1939‐1945) / closed by Lithuanians (1939) / Stephen Batory University (1919‐1939)]

1932 – 1939

student — Vilniustoday: Vilnius city dist., Vilnius Cou., Lithuania
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

others related
in death

NOISZEWSKAClick to display biography Bogumila (Sr Mary Eve of Providence), SZTARKClick to display biography Adam, WOŁOWSKAClick to display biography Casimira (Sr Mary Martha of Jesus)

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Baranavichy (prison): Prison in 1939‐1941 run by Russians and in 1941‐1944 by Germans. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

Pietralewicka Hill: A small hill nearby Pietralewicze village by the Baranavichy town, place of German mass murders, mainly Jews, but also of local Polish intelligentsia. From 10,000 to 21, 000 victims might have been murdered there (or even as many as 42,000). (more on: kresowiacy.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.27]
, www.sztetl.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.12.27]
)

Slonim: Prison in 1939‐1941 run by Russians and in 1941‐1944 by Germans.

«Polenaktion» 1942: In the summer of 1942 in German‐occupied Germ. Generalbezirk Weißruthenien (Eng. General Region of Belarus) — in Nowogródek region among others — Germans carried out «Polenaktion» initiative: the name introduced in a special resolution drafted by Reichssicherheitshauptamt RSHA (Eng. Reich Main Security Office). The action included sacking of all Poles from civilian regional apparatus and police and replacing them with Belarusians. Thousands of Poles were also forcibly deported to Germany as slave labourers. On 26‐30.06.1942 in all counties of the region more than 1,000 representatives of Polish intelligentsia were arrested and subsequently murdered. In Lida region 16 Polish priests were arrested among others. 5 Polish parish priests from Hlybokaye and Pastavy deanery were murdered as well. At the same time Germans set up KL Koldichevo concentration camp n. Baranavichy. The implementation of this genocide project was entrusted to Belarusian police formations supported by Ukrainian, Lithuanian, Latvian and Russian (RONA) collaborators.

Help to the Jews: During World War II on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered.

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‐pre‐Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
www.glaukopis.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, www.bialystok.opoka.org.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.06]
, www.wsm.archibial.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.06]
, www.stankiewicze.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.02.15]

bibliographical:
Vilnius archdiocese clergy martyrology 1939‐1945”, Fr Thaddeus Krahel, Białystok, 2017

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