• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • GONSCHIOR Anne (Sr Balda); source: Fr Andrew Hanich, „Opole Silesia clergy martyrology during II World War”, Opole 2009, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGONSCHIOR Anne (Sr Balda)
    source: Fr Andrew Hanich, „Opole Silesia clergy martyrology during II World War”, Opole 2009
    own collection

surname

GONSCHIOR

surname
versions/aliases

GONSIOR

forename(s)

Anne (pl. Anna)

religious forename(s)

Balda

function

nun

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Congregation of the School Sisters of Notre Dame (School Sister of Notre Dame - SSND)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Wrocław archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of birth

17.07.1910

Chróścice

positions held

ministered in Nysa

date and place of death

24.03.1945

Nysa

cause of death

extermination: rape and murder

details of death

After Nysa fall to Russians on 24.03.1945, during the final Russian winter offensive of 1945 of the II World War — started by German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 — during numerous gang rapes, beatings and maltreatment by Russians soldiers (in Nysa itself c. 27 other nuns were murdered), perished defending her own honour by resisting a Russian soldier — shot into the head.

perpetrators

Russians

others related in death

ELLMERER Anne (Sr Felicitas), HEYMANN Lucy (Sr Sapientia), PETER Lucy (Sr Bonosa), RYBKA Martha (Sr Melusia), TÖPFER Hedwig (Sr Adelheidis), TEICHER Mary (Sr Dominata), RIEDEL Therese Magdalene (Sr Julia), HERBERG Josephine (Sr Honorina), FUGE Magdalene (Sr Cantiana), EWERT Mary (Sr Sylvestra), THAMM Bertha (Sr Longina), FRITSCHE Helen (Sr Theodora), SEIDEL Mary (Sr Lybia), ADAMETZ Antonia (Sr Corbiniana), KRZIPOPA Joanna (Sr Demetria), LANGER Pauline (Sr Dominata), ORLOB Anne (Sr Eleonor), MNICH Joanna (Sr Lucretia), SEWINA Francesca (Sr Mildgitta), KOSUBEK Emily (Sr Simeone), GUNDLACH Emma (Sr Adolpha), NATSCH Martha (Sr Tutillona), WEISS Pauline (Sr Remigia)

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Nysa (rapes): In 02‑03.1945 when victorious Russian troops were approaching Nysa Germans ordered evacuation of the town. But many old, infirm and wounded — tended to in hospitals among others — were unable to move. Many religious sisters decided to stay with them, mainly Elisabethan nuns. After fall of largely untouched by war town on 24.03.1945 Russians set alight historic city center. In a burning city drunken Russian soldiers initiated hunts for women. More than 150 nuns were raped and insulted, numerous times — some a few dozen — soldiers formed long queues to their victims. They did not spare 80 years old and even paralysed nuns. Those that attempted to defend were murdered on sight or tortured. In effect 27 nuns were slaughtered. Many of those that survived were deported to Russia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.05.06])

Mass rapes in 1945: During capture in 1944‑5 of pre–war German territories and territories incorporated into Germany in 1939 after German invasion of Poland Russian soldiers committed mass, often multiple, rapes on mainly German, but also Polish, women. Up to 2 mln women might have been violated, from 8 to 80 or more years old. Many were murdered as a consequence. Rapes were prob. tolerated if not encouraged by Russian military and civilian NKVD commanders. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.03.01])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
bibliograhical:
„Opole Silesia clergy's martyrology during II World War”, Fr Andrew Hanich, Opole 2009

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