• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • GAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislaus (Fr Anatol), source: docplayer.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislaus (Fr Anatol)
    source: docplayer.pl
    own collection

surname

GAŁUCHA

forename(s)

Anthony Stanislaus (pl. Antoni Stanisław)

religious forename(s)

Anatol

  • GAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislaus (Fr Anatol) - Commemorative plaque, franciscan monastery, Skarżysko-Kamienna, source: www.skarzysko24.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislaus (Fr Anatol)
    Commemorative plaque, franciscan monastery, Skarżysko-Kamienna
    source: www.skarzysko24.pl
    own collection
  • GAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislaus (Fr Anatol) - Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislaus (Fr Anatol)
    Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection
  • GAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislaus (Fr Anatol) - Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislaus (Fr Anatol)
    Commemorative plaque, St Francis Stygmata church, Warsaw-New Town
    source: own collection
  • GAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislaus (Fr Anatol) - Commemorative plaque, Franciscans' church, Cracow, 5 Franciszkańska str., source: www.sowiniec.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGAŁUCHA Anthony Stanislaus (Fr Anatol)
    Commemorative plaque, Franciscans' church, Cracow, 5 Franciszkańska str.
    source: www.sowiniec.com.pl
    own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Order of Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans - OFMConv)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Immaculate Mary province OFMConv
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.08.18]
st Anthony of Padua and bl. James Strzemię province OFMConv
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.08.18]

date and place of birth

29.04.1911

Mietniów (Wieliczka county)

alt. dates and places of birth

Wieliczka

religious vows

01.06.1934 (last)

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

05.06.1937 (Cracow)

positions held

friar of Skarżysko–Kamienna monastery (1939‑40) — monastery stewart, f. friar of St Anthony monastery on Foch Hill in Gdynia (1938‑9) — monastery procurator and prefect of the local public school, f. friar of Niepokalanów monastery (1937‑8) — typesetter, proofreader, retreat preacher, from 1938 deputy chief editor of „Little Diary”, f. friar of Lviv monastery (1937), f. friar of Cracow monastery (1932‑7), f. theology and philosophy student at Franciscan Theological and Theological Studium in Cracow (1932‑7), f. friar of Lviv monastery (1927‑32), f. student at Franciscan lower (gymnasium) theological seminary in Lviv (1928‑32), novitiate in Lviv monastery (14.09.1927‑15.09.1928), in Order from 14.09.1927

date and place of death

14.02.1940

(Bór forest, n. Skarżysko-Kamienna)

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the II World War arrested for the first time by the Germans on 14.09.1939 in Gdynia. Released after few days. Prob. escaped next from Pomerania to German–run General Governorate. From 14.11.1939 in Skarżysko Kamienna monastery. There arrested by the Germans again on 30.01.1940 — together with 3 co–fathers, including monastery’s guardian, Fr Ignatius John Filip, and 3 friars arrested a few days later — for co‑operation with the local clandestine resistance „White Eagle” organization (later incorporated into Armed Struggle Union ZWZ clandestine army, part of Polish Clandestine State) — in Skarżysko–Kamienna monastery weaponry was hidden and clandestine meetings were held. Held prob. in German Gendarmerie jail in Skarżysko–Kamienna, a next in public school building in Place district of this town. On 11.02.1940 (according to other sources on 05.02.1940) sentenced by the German summary Standgericht kangaroo court to death. Taken to an execution site and murdered with his co–brothers.

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

FILIP Ignatius John (Fr Theodore), GAŁEK Joseph (Bro. Casimir Mary), GRODZKI Andrew (Bro. Hugolinus Mary), NEUGEBAUER Felix (Bro. Luke Mary), STAWARZ Sigismund (Bro. John the Baptist), ŚMIGIEL Joseph (Fr Louis)

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Bór forest: In Bór forest near Skarżysko Kamienna on 12‑14.02.1940 Germans murdered, after bloody interrogations and torture, c. 360 Poles — arrests started on 29.01.1940. Crushing of Polish resistance „White Eagle” clandestine movement was cited as a pretext but the real aim was extermination of Polish intelligentsia and ruling classes in Skarżysko Kamienna and its vicinity. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. From 1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.bj.uj.edu.pl [access: 2012.11.23], work.brp.pl [access: 2012.12.28], www.myheritage.pl [access: 2018.02.15], tsk24.pl [access: 2013.05.19]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
„Biographical–bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939‑45”, Lukas Janecki, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016
original images:
docplayer.pl [access: 2018.02.15], www.skarzysko24.pl [access: 2014.10.04], www.sowiniec.com.pl [access: 2014.07.11]

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