• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • GALAS Sebastian (Fr Raphael) - c. 09.10.1942, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGALAS Sebastian (Fr Raphael)
    c. 09.10.1942, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org)
    own collection
  • GALAS Sebastian (Fr Raphael) - c. 09.10.1942, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGALAS Sebastian (Fr Raphael)
    c. 09.10.1942, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org)
    own collection
  • GALAS Sebastian (Fr Raphael) - c. 09.10.1942, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo; source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org), own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGALAS Sebastian (Fr Raphael)
    c. 09.10.1942, KL Auschwitz, concentration camp's photo
    source: Archives of Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum in Oświęcim (auschwitz.org)
    own collection

surname

GALAS

surname
versions/aliases

GALOS

forename(s)

Sebastian

religious forename(s)

Raphael (pl. Rafał)

  • GALAS Sebastian (Fr Raphael) - Commemorative plaque, Our Lady the Immaculate church, Harmęże, source: www.harmeze.franciszkanie.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOGALAS Sebastian (Fr Raphael)
    Commemorative plaque, Our Lady the Immaculate church, Harmęże
    source: www.harmeze.franciszkanie.pl
    own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Camaldolese Hermits of Monte Corona (Camaldolese monks - ECMC)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of birth

20.01.1886

Czułów

alt. dates and places of birth

26.01.1886

positions held

hermit in Cracow–Bielany monastery

date and place of death

14.11.1942

KL Auschwitz

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested on 18.02.1924 by the Germans. Held captive in Montelupich Str. prison, then in St Michel prison, both in Cracow. On 09.10.1942 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp where perished.

perpetrators

Germans

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 67144): German KL Auschwitz (today: Oświęcim) concentration and death camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 on the German territory. Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the camp, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was KL Birkenau, not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])

Cracow (St Michael): In St Michael prison in Cracow, at Senacka Str. 3 in former Carmelite monastery — founded in 1797 — during German occupation a Special Court Prison was set up in 1939, next in 12.1941 reformed as penal institution. Thousands of criminal offenders and people captured during punitive round–ups were held. Frp, 07.1941 in the prison basement execution were carried out. During Commie–Nazi times, starting from 1945, „enemies of the democractic state of Poland” were held captive. On 18.08.1946 during the day partisans of Mjr Joseph Kuraś „Fire” attacked the prison and without a single shot released 64 soldiers of former Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State disbanded in 1945) and National Armed Forces NSZ held by the Russian–controlled Commie–Nazis. (more on: www.ma.krakow.pl [access: 2015.04.18])

Cracow (Montelupich): Cracow penal prison run by the Germans. In 1940‑4 Germans jailed there approx. 50,000 prisoners, mainly Poles and Jews. Some of them were transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp, some were executed. After cease in war effort the prison was used by UB — a Polish unit of Russian NKVD — as a prison for Polish independence resistance fighters, some of which were subsequently sent to prisons and slave labour camps in Russia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. From 1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.harmeze.franciszkanie.pl [access: 2012.12.28]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
original images:
auschwitz.org [access: 2015.03.01], auschwitz.org [access: 2015.03.01], auschwitz.org [access: 2015.03.01], www.harmeze.franciszkanie.pl [access: 2014.03.21]

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