Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Boleslaus (pl. Bolesław)
Gregory (pl. Grzegorz)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
Society of the Divine Word (Verbites, Divine Word Missionaries, Steyler Missionaries - SVD)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
date and place of birth
Łowęcice (Jarocin county)
printer and bookbinder at Górna Grupa monastery (1930‑9)
date and place of death
Dresden (Saxony, Germany)
cause of death
details of death
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War on 27.10.1939 interned by the Germans at his Górna Grupa monastery. On 05.02.1940 after removal of all priests forced to leave Górna Grupa monastery. Returned to Poznań where helped at St Martin church sacristy. Next to moved back to his family Łowęcice. There apart from working physically as a farm hand helped at catechesis of the children and their preparation to the 1st Communion in Exaltation of the Holy Cross in Cerekwica, St Adalbert in Rusko and Holy Trinity in Nosków parishes left vacant by their arrested parish priests. After 06.10.1941 forced to work as a bookbinder in Jarocin. There for some time helped to distribute leaflets of a resistance „For You Poland” organization (part of Polish Clandestine State). At the same time served to baptize children at local, left vacant after arrests of Polish priests parishes. On 09.09.1942 after receiving information of the arrests of „For You Poland” members reported to the Gestapo station in Jarocin and accepted „all responsibility”. Was promptly arrested. Jailed in Jarocin and Środa Wlkp. prisons. Next transported to KL Posen German concentration camp. Interrogated at Młyńska Str. Gestapo station in Poznań. Tortured. Did not reveal anything. Next moved to Zwickau prison and finally to Dresden. There on 30.03.1943 sentenced to death at a out–session of the German Oberlandesgericht KL Posen kangaroo court. Beheaded on the guillotine at Dresden prison.
camps (+ prisoner no)
Dresden: Harsh German prison at Münchner Platz 3 in Dresden where Germans conducted executions of German „citizens” sentenced to death during II World War. Altogether c. 1,386 people were guillotined there, among them many Poles accused of treason against German state.
Zwickau: German harsh penal institution.
Poznań (Młyńska str.): Detention centre run by Germans. Death sentences were carried out there, by guillotine and hanging. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.10.05])
KL Posen: German Posen — Fort VII — camp founded in c. 10.10.1939 in Poznań till mid of 11.1939 operated formally as KL Posen concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager), and this term is used throughout the White Book, also later periods. It was first such a concentration camp set up by the Germans on Polish territory — in case of Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) directly incorporated into German Reich. In 10.1939 in KL Posen for the first time Germans used gas to murder civilian population, in particular patients of local psychiatric hospitals. From 11.1939 the camp operated as German political police Gestapo prison and transit camp (Germ. Übergangslager), prior to sending off to concentration camps, such as KL Dachau or KL Auschwitz. In 28.05.1941 the camp was rebranded as police jail and slave labour corrective camp (Germ. Arbeitserziehungslager). At its peak up to 7‑9 executions were carried in the camp per day, there were mass hangings of the prisoners and some of them were led out to be murdered elsewhere, outside of the camp. Altogether in KL Posen Germans exterminated approx. 20,000 inhabitants of Greater Poland (Wielkopolska) region, including many representatives of Polish intelligentsia, patients and staff of psychiatric hospitals and dozen or so Polish priests. Hundreds of priests were held there temporarily prior to transport to other concentration camps, mainly KL Dachau. From 03.1943 the camp had been transformed into an industrial complex (from 25.04.1944 — Telefunken factory manufacturing radios for submarines and aircrafts). (more on: www.wmn.poznan.pl [access: 2019.02.02], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.27])
06.10.1941 arrests (Warthegau): On 13.09.1941 Gaulaiter of German province Germ. Reichsgau Wartheland, in German–occupied Greater Poland (where German standard law was in force), Artur Greiser, implementing „Ohne Gott, ohne Religion, ohne Priesters und Sakramenten” — „without God, without religion, without priest and sacrament” — policy issued a decree formally dissolving Catholic Church and forming in its place a Roman Catholic German National Church in Wartheland, an organization subject to a German private law. All the contacts with Vatican were forbidden. All the religion congregations were also dissolved. On 06‑07.10.1941 mass arrests of Polish Catholic priests took place. All were herded into Konstantynów or Ląd on Warta river transit camps or KL Posen concentration camp. On 30.10.1941 most of them were transported to KL Dachau concentration camp.
26.08.1940 arrests (Warthegau): As part of strategy formulated by the Gaulaiter of German‑occupied Wartheland, Artur Greiser, implementing „Ohne Gott, ohne Religion, ohne Priesters und Sakramenten” — „without God, without religion, without priest and sacrament” — policy, hundreds of Polish priests were arrested on this day. They were jailed, together with priests arrested previously and held in Ląd on Warta river camp, among others, in Szczeglin transit camp n. Mogilno. Three days later all were transferred to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp.
Górna Grupa: From 10.1939 till approx. 04.1940 in Górna Grupa in Divine Word Missionaries (SVD) congregation house Germans organised — as part of „Intelligenzaktion”, extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania — a transit camp for Poles, including 95 priests, from Świecie, Bydgoszcz, Chełmno, Grudziądz and Starogard Gdański counties. Approx. of them perished, including 17 that were subsequently executed in Mnichek‑Grupa. In the same place in 1945 Russians set up a concentration camp for Germans, among whom two priests perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23], www.kpbc.ukw.edu.pl [access: 2013.12.27])
Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.06.23], www.kpbc.ukw.edu.pl [access: 2013.12.27], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])
pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.05.30], www.seminarium.org.pl [access: 2019.05.30]
„A martyrology of Polish clergy under German occupation, 1939‑45”, Fr Szołdrski Vladislaus CSSR, Rome 1965
www.werbisci.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.seminarium.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.seminarium.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.seminarium.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.seminarium.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.seminarium.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.seminarium.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.chludowo.werbisci.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.seminarium.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.chludowo.werbisci.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.kostuchna.katowice.opoka.org.pl [access: 2019.04.16], www.seminarium.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.seminarium.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21], www.seminarium.org.pl [access: 2017.01.21], svdgg.republika.pl [access: 2014.03.10], www.szczecin.pl [access: 2014.09.21]
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