• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • DRUŻBACKI Nicholas, source: ordynariat.wp.mil.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODRUŻBACKI Nicholas
    source: ordynariat.wp.mil.pl
    own collection

surname

DRUŻBACKI

forename(s)

Nicholas (pl. Mikołaj)

  • DRUŻBACKI Nicholas - Commemorative plaque, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St John the Baptist cathedral, Przemyśl, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODRUŻBACKI Nicholas
    Commemorative plaque, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St John the Baptist cathedral, Przemyśl
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • DRUŻBACKI Nicholas - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODRUŻBACKI Nicholas
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection
  • DRUŻBACKI Nicholas - Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODRUŻBACKI Nicholas
    Commemorative plaque, military field cathedral, Warsaw
    source: own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Przemyśl diocese
more on: www.przemyska.pl [access: 2013.02.15]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

academic distinctions

Doctor of Canon Law

honorary titles

canon
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of birth

11.07.1895

Wieliczka

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

22.05.1921 (Przemyśl cathedral)

positions held

personal chaplain and secretary to Joseph Gawlina, Field Bishop, secretary of the Field Curia of the Polish Army, f. notary of the Field Curia of the Polish Army (1936‑8), f. chaplain of Dęblin military garrison (1936), chaplain (from 1936) and senior chaplain (from 19.03.1939) to the Polish Army (from 1936), f. prefect (1929‑30) and procurator/steward (1928‑9) of the Theological Institute in Przemyśl, f. vicar of Przemyśl cathedral (1927‑8), f. PhD student at „Angelicum” Holy See Institute in Rome (1924‑7), f. notary of Curia and Bishop’s Court in Przemyśl (1922‑4), f. vicar of Gorlice parish (1921‑2), f. student of Theological Seminary in Przemyśl (till 1921)

date and place of death

11.09.1939

Lutsk (Volhynia oblast, Ukraine)

cause of death

shelling (bombardment)

details of death

During I World War volunteer in Eastern Legion and next in Polish Legions (2nd Brigade 3rd Regiment 1st Battalion 1st Unit). During Polish–Russian war of 1920 volunteer in 1st Artillery Regiment 2nd Division 4th Battery of Polish Legions. After German invasion of Poland in 09.1939 (before Russian invasion) and start of the II World War helped the wounded during German aerial raids on Warsaw. On 07.09.1939 left Warsaw together with his bishop Gawlina who accompanied, in accordance with the Field Ministry Regulations, the Army Commander of the Polish Armed Forces. During an aerial bombing raid in Lutsk mortally wounded by shrapnel bombs. German bomb fell onto the Lutsk bishop gardens, took his arm out and cut his head off.

perpetrators

Germans

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Air raids 1939: During invasion of Poland commenced on 01.09.1939 Germans systematically attacked civilian targets. Many cities (Wieluń, Frampol, Warszawa, Lwów, Łomża, Puck, etc.) were bombed during air raids and totally destroyed. The hospitals and churches, visibly marked as such, were not spared. German planes also attacked columns of fleeing people on the roads, massacring them. It is estimated that c. 150,000–200,000 civilians were killed or murdered by the Germans in 09.1939. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.04.18])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

Polish-Russian war of 1919—20: War for independence of Poland and its borders. Poland regained independence in 1918 but had to fight for its borders with former imperial powers, in particular Russia. Russia planned to incite Bolshevik–like revolutions in the Western Europe and thus invaded Poland. Russian invaders were defeated in 08.1920 in a battle called Warsaw battle („Vistula river miracle”, one of the 10 most important battles in history, according to some historians). Thanks to this victory Poland recaptured part of the lands lost during partitions of Poland in XVIII century, and Europe was saved from the genocidal Communism. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])

sources

personal:
www.duszki.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.ordynariat.wp.mil.pl [access: 2012.11.23], ordynariat.wp.mil.pl [access: 2016.03.14]
bibliograhical:
„Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
original images:
ordynariat.wp.mil.pl [access: 2016.03.14], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.08.14], www.katedrapolowa.pl [access: 2014.01.16]

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