• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

LINK to Nu HTML Checker

WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • DOWNAR Steven, source: pl.wikipedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODOWNAR Steven
    source: pl.wikipedia.org
    own collection

surname

DOWNAR

forename(s)

Steven (pl. Stefan)

  • DOWNAR Steven - Commemorative plaque, Polish Parliament building, Warsaw, source: commons.wikimedia.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODOWNAR Steven
    Commemorative plaque, Polish Parliament building, Warsaw
    source: commons.wikimedia.org
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Włocławek diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Włocławek ie. Kalisz diocese
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

honorary titles

Officer's Cross „Polonia Restituta”
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.04.16]
„Medal of Independence”
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.02.02]
Silver „Cross of Merit”
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.04.16]

date and place of death

04.05.1942

TA Hartheim
Schloss Hartheim - Alkoven, Eferding dist., Salzburg, Austria

alt. dates and places of death

15.07.1942 (KL Dachau „death certificate” date)

details of death

At the end of the World War I member of clandestine Polish Military Organisation POW. Participant of 1918 of disarmament action of Germans in his Pyzdry parish. After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans on 21.10.1939 together with clergy from his deanery. Jailed in Aleksandrów Kujawski's prison. Next transported to Fort VII (Toruń) concentration camp. From there on 04.11.1939 moved to Świecie prison or f. mentally ill Institute patients of which had already been exterminated by that time. Two day later on 06.11.1939 driven to Górna Grupa transit camp. On 28.02.1940 moved to KL Stutthof concentration camp and next on 09‑10.94.1940 to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp. On 14.12.1940 transported to KL Dachau concentration camp. From there — totally exhausted — transported in a so‑called „invalid transport” to TA Hartheim Euthanasia Center and murdered in a gas chamber.

cause of death

extermination: gassing in a gas chamber

perpetrators

Germans

date and place of birth

13.08.1886

Wieruszów
Wieruszów gm., Wieruszów pow., Łódź voiv., Poland

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

18.06.1911 (Włocławek cathedral)

positions held

1935–1939 — parish priest {parish: Zbrachlin}
1935–1938 — envoy {Sejm of the 4th Term of the Second Polish Republic}
1928–1935 — parish priest {parish: Pyzdry; n. Słupca}
1916–1928 — prefect {Pyzdry, Humanistic Junior High School; n. Słupca}
till 1925 — student {Poznań, Department of Philosophy, Adam Mickiewicz University (from 1955), University of Poland (1945‑55, 1919‑1939), Royal Academy (1903‑1918)}
1925 — membership {Słupca, County Assembly–Sejmik}
1925 — membership {Konin, County Council}
1914–1916 — vicar {parish: Łask}, also: prefect of elementary schools
1913–1914 — vicar {parish: Parzno}, also: prefect of elementary schools
1912–1913 — vicar {parish: Koło, Exaltation of the Holy Cross}, also: prefect of elementary schools
1911–1912 — vicar {parish: Widawa, Exaltation of the Holy Cross; dean.: Łask}, also: prefect of elementary schools
till 1911 — student {Włocławek, philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary}

others related in death

ANDRZEJEWSKI Adam Leo, ARTKE Bronislaus Valerian, BALCERZAK Felix, BĄCZEK John, BĄK John, BERENT Leopold Edward, BIAŁAS Paul Joseph, BIOLY Peter, BOMBICKI Gustave John, BORCZUK John (Bro. Anthony), BRUSKI John, BRYJA Francis, BRYL John, BRZEZIK Ignatius, BRZUSZCZYŃSKI Henry Lucian, BUTKIEWICZ Bronislaus, CESARZ John, CHABOWSKI Vincent, CHOROSZYŃSKI Boleslaus, CHWIŁOWICZ Aurelius, CHWIŁOWICZ Marian, CZAJKOWSKI Marian, CZAPSKI Richard Thaddeus, CZARNECKI Vincent, CZEMPIEL Joseph Matthew, DAHLKE Francis Xavier, DOMAGALSKI Leo, DOMAŃSKI Gregory, DRELOWIEC Francis, DUSZCZYK Vladislav, DWORNICKI Valentine, DYBIZBAŃSKI John Lamberto, DZIADZIA Felix, DZIEGIECKI John Vladislav, DZIKOWSKI John Michael, ELJASZ Vincent, FALKOWSKI Victor Francis, FENGLER Stanislaus, FIEWEGER Theophilus, FIJAŁKOWSKI Adam, FISCHBACH John Henry, FORMANOWICZ Leo Marian, GAŁCZYŃSKI Steven Joseph, GARWOLIŃSKI Vaclav, GĄSOWSKI John

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

TA Hartheim: In Germ. Tötungsanstalt TA Hartheim (Eng. Killing/Euthanasia Center), in Schloss Hartheim castle in Alkoven village in Upper Austria, belonging to KL Mauthausen–Gusen complex of concentration camps, as part of „Aktion T4”, the victims — underdeveloped mentally — were murdered by Germans in gas chambers. In 04.1941 Germans expanded the program to include prisoners held in concentration camps. Most if not all religious from KL Dachau were taken to Hartheim in so called „transports of invalids” (denoted as „Aktion 14 f 13”) — prisoners sick and according to German standards „unable to work” — from KL Dachau concentration camp (initially under the guise of a transfer to a „better” camp).
Note: The dates of death of victims murdered in Schloss Hartheim indicated in the „White Book” are the dates of deportations from the last concentration camp the victims where held in. The real dates of death are unknown — apart from c. 49 priests whose names were included in the „transports of invalids”, but who did arrive at TA Hartheim. Prob. perished on the day of transport, somewhere between KL Dachau and Munich, and their bodies were thrown out of the transport and cremated in Munich. The investigation conducted by Polish Institute of National Remembrance IPN concluded, that the other victims were murdered immediately upon arrival in Schloss Hartheim, bodies cremated and the ashes spread over local fields and into Danube river. In order to hide details of the genocided Germans falsified both dates of death (for instance those entered into KL Dachau concentration camp books, presented in „White Book” as alternative dates of death) and their causes. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.05.30])

Aktion T4: German euthanasia program, systematic murder of people mentally retarded, chronically, mentally and neurologically ill — „elimination of live not worth living” (Germ. „Vernichtung von lebensunwertem Leben”). In a peak, in 1940‑1, c. 70,000 people were murdered, including patients of psychiatric hospitals in German occupied Poland. From 04.1941 also mentally ill and „disabled” (i.e. unable to work) prisoners held in German concentration camps were included in the program — denoted then as „Aktion 14 f 13”. C. 20,000 inmates were then murdered, including Polish catholic priests held in KL Dachau concentration camp, who were murdered in Hartheim gas chambers. The other „regional extension” of Aktion T4 was „Aktion Brandt” program during which Germans murdered chronically ill patients in order to make space for wounded soldiers. It is estimated that at least 30,000 were murdered in this program. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2019.05.30], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.31])

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 22496): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

Górna Grupa: From 10.1939 till approx. 04.1940 in Górna Grupa in Divine Word Missionaries (SVD) congregation house Germans organised — as part of „Intelligenzaktion”, extermination of Polish intelligentsia in Pomerania — a transit camp for Poles, including 95 priests, from Świecie, Bydgoszcz, Chełmno, Grudziądz and Starogard Gdański counties. Approx. of them perished, including 17 that were subsequently executed in Mnichek‑Grupa. In the same place in 1945 Russians set up a concentration camp for Germans, among whom two priests perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2021.05.06], www.kpbc.ukw.edu.pl [access: 2013.12.27])

Świecie (Institute): In the autumn of 1939 Germans— as part of „Aktion T4” program — murdered almost all patients from the Świecie psychiatric hospital. On 15‑21.10.1939 c. 1,000 patients were murdered in the forest by Mniszek village, in groups of 60. Among the victims were 120 children. And hospital’s Polish director who stayed with his patients till the end. The victims were pushed — three aside — into specially prepared ditches and shot from machine guns. C. 300 patients were transported to Kocborowo psychiatric hospital and murdered later in Szpęgawsk forest. (more on: ipn.gov.pl [access: 2015.05.09])

Świecie: Detention centre run by Germans. Most of the prisoners in 1939 Germans took to Mniszek‑Grupa and executed. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2021.05.06])

Toruń (Fort VII): Between 10.1939 and 01.1940 in Fort VII in Toruń Germans set up — as part of their „Intelligenzaktion”, extermination of Polish intelligentsia from Pomerania — a prison for local, chiefly from Toruń, Poles, mainly from intelligentsia, 1,500 of which were subsequently murdered in Barbarka and Przysieka. The remaining approx. 600 prisoners were transported in 01.1940 to KL Stutthof concentration camp. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

Piaski (Aleksandrów Kujawski): In Piaski (today district of Aleksandrów Kujawski) Germans in 10‑11.1939 held in provisional(?) prison priests from Alekandrów Kujawski and Nieszawa deanery, prior to sending them to the Fort VII camp in Toruń. (more on: salezjanie.pl [access: 2013.08.31])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During the first phase right after start of German occupation of Poland implemented as Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”) — plan based on proscription lists of Poles worked out by (Germ. Sonderfahndungsbuch Polen), regarded by Germans as specially dangerous to the German Reich. List contained names of c. 61,000 Poles. Altogether during this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: salezjanie.pl [access: 2013.08.31], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
ordynariat.wp.mil.pl [access: 2015.09.30], pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.02.15], bs.sejm.gov.pl [access: 2013.07.06], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.05.30]
bibliograhical:
„Victims of German crime among Włocławek diocese clergy”, Fr Stanislau Librowski, „Włocławek Diocese Chronicle”, 07‑08.1947
original images:
pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30], commons.wikimedia.org [access: 2015.09.30]

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If you have an email client on your communicator/computer — such as Mozilla Thunderbird, Windows Mail or Microsoft Outlook, described at Wikipedia, among others  — try the link below, please:

LETTER to CUSTODIAN/ADMINISTRATOR

If however you do not run such a client or the above link is not active please send an email to the Custodian/Administrator using your account — in your customary email/correspondence engine — at the following address:

EMAIL ADDRESS

giving the following as the subject:

MARTYROLOGY: DOWNAR Steven

To return to the biography press below: