• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • DOŁŻYK Paul - Derewna, source: skarlikwolma.blogspot.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFODOŁŻYK Paul
    Derewna
    source: skarlikwolma.blogspot.com
    own collection

surname

DOŁŻYK

surname
versions/aliases

DOWŻYK

forename(s)

Paul (pl. Paweł)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Pinsk diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of birth

1871

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1897

positions held

parish priest of Derewna parish (1919‑43), f. parish priest of Kobryń (c. 1911‑1919), Łubin Kościelny (till c. 1911), Wyszki (1907‑9) parishes

date and place of death

10.08.1943

(Balewicze-Bródek forest, n. Derewno)

cause of death

murder

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after German attack on 22.06.1941 of the former ally, the Russians, and the beginning of German occupation arrested on 10.08.1943 — for help extended to hunted and persecuted Jews and support of Polish partisans from Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) — by the German–controlled Russian Własow units — during German anti–partisan drive Operation „Hermann” in retaliation for a partisan attack on Iwieniec. Murdered in bestial way in a forest near his parish village Derewna — when his body was discovered 3 days later it showed extensive signs of torture, with twisted arms and hands.

alt. dates and places of death

08.08.1943

(forest n. Jankowicze)

alt. details of death

According to some sources murdered by Russian parisans.

perpetrators

Germans / Russians

others related in death

BAJKO Joseph, BARADYN Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Operation „Hermann”: On 19.06.1943 a unit of Polish resistance Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) from Stołpce in Belarus attacked Iwieniec. The town was captured — in history this act is known as „Iwieniec insurgency” — and German garrison defeated. All prisoners were released, among them a dozen or so Jews, including a few physicians. C. 40‑150 Germans and their collaborators were executed. C. 100‑200 functionaries of Belarusian support police, collaborating with Germans, voluntarily joined the partisan unit. After 18 hours partisans left Iwieniec and moved towards nearby Nalibocka Forest. In retaliation Germans immediately murdered c. 150 inhabitants of Iwieniec and organized a wide ranging anti–partisan operation known under its codename „Hermann”. The main aim was elimination of partisan units — Polish and Russian — operating in Nalibocka Forest. It started on 13.07.1943. C. 9,000 Germans and its collaborators — including Russians — participated supported by airplanes, artillery and heavy weaponry. Around the forest Germans set up a strip of „scorched earth”, c. 10‑15 km wide. During operation Germans burnt to ground more than 60 Polish and Belarus villages and murdered c. 4,280 civilians including a few Catholic priests — those regarded as supporting the partisans were executed, hanged, burnt alive. C. 21,000–25,000 civilians were sent to 3rd Reich, i.e. Germany, for slave labour, and thousands — including elderly, women and children — were evicted beyond the blockade strip. Partisans however — both Polish and Russians — managed to break of the encirclement, despite huge losses. One of the towns in the vicinity of the region under operation — c. 20 km from Nalibocka Forest — was Nowogródek. During the operation Germans arrested there c. 120 its inhabitants and regarded as hostages. Local Sisters of the Holy Family of Nazareth nuns — in Nowogródek since 04.09.1929, providing religious education and instruction to children and youth — stood up in their defense. 11 of them were arrested by the Germans and murdered. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.10.04])

Help to the Jews: During II World War on the Polish occupied territories Germans forbid to give any support to the Jews under penalty of death. Hundreds of Polish priests and religious helped the Jews despite this official sanction. Many of them were caught and murdered. (more on: www.naszdziennik.pl [access: 2013.08.31])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.glaukopis.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.polacyizydzi.pl [access: 2013.02.15], www.polacyizydzi.pl [access: 2013.02.15]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
original images:
skarlikwolma.blogspot.com [access: 2018.10.04]

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