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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

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    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

CZYMEK

forename(s)

Charles (pl. Karol)

  • CZYMEK Charles - Death certificate, 25.09.1939, Warsaw, source: archiwumallegro.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCZYMEK Charles
    Death certificate, 25.09.1939, Warsaw
    source: archiwumallegro.com.pl
    own collection

function

laybrother

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of Christ Fathers for Poles Living Abroad (Christ Fathers - SChr)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

date and place of birth

26.10.1916

Grabowo (Mrągowo county)

alt. dates and places of birth

Grabowiec (Mrągowo county)

religious vows

19.03.1939 (last)

positions held

friar at Potulice Congregation's motherhouse (1935‑9), novitiate in Potulice Congregation's motherhouse (from 28.09.1936), in Congregation in Potulice Congregation's motherhouse from 06.11.1935

date and place of death

25.09.1939

Warsaw

cause of death

shelling (bombardment)

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the II World left together with co‑friars and novitiate Potulice Congregation’s motherhouse — where Germans set up later UWZ Lager Lebrechtsdorf resettlement camp — and together with thousands of refugees moved east (novices were supposed to meet back in Lutsk where however just only one novice managed to reach). Reached Warsaw (according to other sources went there earlier, right after his vows, as a so‑called „distributor of good newspapers”). There perished from explosion in Baby Jesus hospital in Warsaw during aerial bombing raid on Warsaw.

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

BIAŁA Anne (Sr Adolphine), CHOINA Sophia, CZAJKOWSKA Mary, DREWNIKOWSKA Stephanie, GĄSIOROWSKI Francis, GRZEGORCZYK Francis (Cl. Thaddeus), HATKO Francis (Fr Matthew), KACZMAREK Josephine (Sr Andrew), KISIELEWSKA Christine, KRAWCZYK Theodosia, LANGER John, LEOŃCZUK Mary, LEWANDOWSKA Eleonor, LEWANIUK Aleksandra, ŁĄCZEK Mary, MIKOŁAJEWSKA Helen, NIEDŹWIEDZKA Mary, NIKUTA Cecilia, OPIELA Joseph, OSTROWSKI Stanislaus Kostka (Fr Josaphat), PSZENNA Wanda, RANIECKA Mary, RUSZKOWSKA Stanislava, SASAK Josephine (Sr Aleksandra), SELMA Alice (Sr Janet), SIEMIŃSKA (Sr Petronella), TEODOROWICZ Terrence, WÓJCIK Mary, ZEMBRZUSKA Casimira

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Warsaw (Black Monday): On 25.09.1939 from 7:00 till late evening more than 400 German bombers made aerial raids on Warsaw. Almost 630 tons of explosives, both incendiary and demolishing were dropped. Caused c. 200 fires. Public building were not spared, including hospitals clearly marked with Red Cross signs (in fact they were targeted in the first place). Holy Ghost hospital was among them and c. 700 people, both patients and staff were killed (including 20 Vincentian sisters). Altogether during the raids called „Black Monday” c. 10,000 people perished, 35,000 were wounded, mostly civilian. The raids were in contravention of Hague agreements and must be regarded as an act of war crime. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.04.18])

Air raids 1939: During invasion of Poland commenced on 01.09.1939 Germans systematically attacked civilian targets. Many cities (Wieluń, Frampol, Warszawa, Lwów, Łomża, Puck, etc.) were bombed during air raids and totally destroyed. The hospitals and churches, visibly marked as such, were not spared. German planes also attacked columns of fleeing people on the roads, massacring them. It is estimated that c. 150,000–200,000 civilians were killed or murdered by the Germans in 09.1939. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.04.18])

Lebrechtsdorf (Potulice): In the autumn of 1939 after invasion of Poland Germans — i.e. „East” branch of Treuhandanstalt, Main Trust Office — took over the Society of Christ Fathers for Poles Living Abroad Congregation’s house in Potulice, following eviction of all remaining friars. Initially the estate was given to SS unit and SS non–commissioned officer's school was set up. In 1940 the estate was taken over by Resettlement Headquarters in Gdańsk and used as a transit camp for Poles prior to deportation to General Governorate. In 1941 the camp was made a sub‑camp of KL Stutthof concentration camp. From 01.02.1942 it was made an independent UWZ Lager Lebrechtsdorf resettlement camp for Poles. Till 1945 more than 1,297 Poles perished there, most of them children. After German defeat and end of II World War hostilities the Commie–Nazi authorities set up there Central Labour Camp for Germans. From overall population of c. 34,932 German prisoners c. 4,495 perished, including many children and elderly. From 1950 the buildings were used a prison for Polish political prisoners. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.10.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www3.tchr.org [access: 2018.10.04]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
original images:
archiwumallegro.com.pl [access: 2016.03.14]

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