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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • CHABROWSKI Thaddeus; source: Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), „Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939—1945”, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHABROWSKI Thaddeus
    source: Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), „Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939—1945”
    own collection

surname

CHABROWSKI

surname
versions/aliases

CIAPAŁA

forename(s)

Thaddeus (pl. Tadeusz)

  • CHABROWSKI Thaddeus - Commemorative plaque, Holy Ghost church, Nowy Sącz, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHABROWSKI Thaddeus
    Commemorative plaque, Holy Ghost church, Nowy Sącz
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection
  • CHABROWSKI Thaddeus - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHABROWSKI Thaddeus
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

religious cleric

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Society of Jesus SImore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

(i.e. Jesuits)

diocese / province

Lesser Poland Province SI (from 1926)
Polish Province SI (1918‐1926)

academic distinctions

Doctor of Philosophy

date and place
of death

09.01.1941

ITL UnzhLagGuLAG slave labour camp network
today: Nizhny Novgorod oblast, Russia

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]

alt. dates and places
of death

ITL UnzhLagGuLAG slave labour camp network
form.: Gorky
today: Nizhny Novgorod, Nizhny Novgorod oblast, Russia

more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.09]
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2024.03.19]

details of death

Right before German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II moved to Lviv to undergo Third Jesuit Probation.

There overtaken by Russian invasion.

Ministered in Ternopil.

Arrested by the Russians in 06.1940.

On 26.09.1940 sentenced to 5 years of slave labour in Russian concentration camps Gulag.

Transported to a concentration camp in Arkhangels region, n. Nizhny Nowogrod, and then to Russian ITL UnzhLag concentration camp.

There perished contracting typhoid.

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion, starvation, typhus

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

25.01.1909

Kadczatoday: Łącko gm., Nowy Sącz pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.28]

religious vows

13.08.1926 (temporary)

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

23.06.1935 (Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
)

positions held

1939 – 1940

friar — Ternopiltoday: Ternopil urban hrom., Ternopil rai., Ternopil, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.20]
⋄ monastery, Jesuits SI

1939

Third Probation — Lvivtoday: Lviv urban hrom., Lviv rai., Lviv, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.16]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles monastery, Jesuits SI — start of

1938 – 1939

professor — Krakówtoday: Kraków city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
⋄ philosophy, College (Lat. Collegium Maximum SS. Cordis Iesu, 26 Kopernik Str.), Jesuits SI

1936 – 1937

PhD student — Rometoday: Rome prov., Lazio reg., Italy
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ theology, „Gregorianum[i.e. Lat. Pontificia Universitas Gregoriana (Eng. Pontifical Gregorian University)]

1932 – 1936

student — Lublintoday: Lublin city pov., Lublin voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.08.20]
⋄ theology, Theological Department („Bobolanum” college), Jesuits SI

1929 – 1932

student — Krakówtoday: Kraków city pov., Lesser Poland voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.06.07]
⋄ philosophy, College (Lat. Collegium Maximum SS. Cordis Iesu, 26 Kopernik Str.), Jesuits SI

till 1929

friar — Pinsktoday: Pinsk city dist., Brest reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]
⋄ St Stanislav the Bishop and Martyr monastery, Jesuits SI — student of the last years of gymnasium

1924 – 1926

novitiate — Stara Wieśtoday: Brzozów gm., Brzozów pov., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary monastery, Jesuits SI

12.08.1924

accession — Stara Wieśtoday: Brzozów gm., Brzozów pov., Subcarpathia voiv., Poland
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.12.18]
⋄ Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary monastery, Jesuits SI

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

ITL UnzhLag: Russian Rus. Исправи́тельно‐Трудово́й Ла́герь (Eng. Corrective Labor Camp) ITL Rus. Унженский (Eng. Unzhenskiy) — concentration and slave forced labor camp (within the Gulag complex) — headquartered in the village of Sukhobezvodnoye in the Nizhny Novgorod region (then Gorky), on the Unzha River. Founded on 05.02.1938. Prisoners slaved at the forest clearing, production and supply of firewood intended for Moscow, production of skis and ski semi‐finished products, railway sleepers, furniture, watch cases, as well as clothes, shoes, pottery, in the construction and maintenance of railway lines and roads, railway depots, in mechanical and repair workshops, etc. At its peak — till the death on 05.03.1953 of Russian socialist leader, Joseph Stalin — c. 30,000 prisoners were held there (in c. 30 sub‐camps): e.g. 19,986 (01.01.1940); 23,676 (01.01.1941); 27,278 (01.07.1941); 24,020 (01.04.1942); 23,904 (01.01.1943); 30,146 (01.01.1948); 30,210 (01.01.1950); 29,282 (01.01.1952); 29,551 (01.01.1953); 25,351 (01.01.1954); 23,124 (01.01.1955); 22,355 (01.01.1956). Among them, 30‐50% were considered „political”. 5‐20% were women. In 1949, half of the clergy imprisoned in Russia, 1,876 out of 3,523, were held captive there. Ceased to exist in 1960. (more on: old.memo.ruClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

Arkhangelsk: Russian forced labour camp for prisoners and POWs. At the same time center of many Russian concentration camp, part of Gulag archipelago of camps, e.g. ITL Yagrinlag, KargopolLag, PPLp KotlasLag, OnetLag. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.17]
)

Gulag: The acronym Gulag comes from the Rus. Главное управление исправительно‐трудовых лагерей и колоний (Eng. Main Board of Correctional Labor Camps). The network of Russian concentration camps for slave labor was formally established by the decision of the highest Russian authorities on 27.06.1929. Control was taken over by the OGPU, the predecessor of the genocidal NKVD (from 1934) and the MGB (from 1946). Individual gulags (camps) were often established in remote, sparsely populated areas, where industrial or transport facilities important for the Russian state were built. They were modeled on the first „great construction of communism”, the White Sea‐Baltic Canal (1931‐1932), and Naftali Frenkel, of Jewish origin, is considered the creator of the system of using forced slave labor within the Gulag. He went down in history as the author of the principle „We have to squeeze everything out of the prisoner in the first three months — then nothing is there for us”. He was to be the creator, according to Alexander Solzhenitsyn, of the so‐called „Boiler system”, i.e. the dependence of food rations on working out a certain percentage of the norm. The term ZEK — prisoner — i.e. Rus. заключенный‐каналоармец (Eng. canal soldier) — was coined in the ITL BelBaltLag managed by him, and was adopted to mean a prisoner in Russian slave labor camps. Up to 12 mln prisoners were held in Gulag camps at one time, i.e. c. 5% of Russia's population. In his book „The Gulag Archipelago”, Solzhenitsyn estimated that c. 60 mln people were killed in the Gulag until 1956. Formally dissolved on 20.01.1960. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2024.04.08]
)

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‐pre‐Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
www.jezuici.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.01.26]
, www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.02.15]
, biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, archive.todayClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]

bibliographical:
Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‐45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‐1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
Lexicon of Polish clergy repressed in USSR in 1939‐1988”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
original images:
www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

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MARTYROLOGY: CHABROWSKI Thaddeus

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