• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • BURAWSKI Francis, source: martyrologium.w.interia.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURAWSKI Francis
    source: martyrologium.w.interia.pl
    own collection

surname

BURAWSKI

surname
versions/aliases

BURAKOWSKI

forename(s)

Francis (pl. Franciszek)

  • BURAWSKI Francis - Commemorative plaque, cathedral basilica, Płock, source: own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURAWSKI Francis
    Commemorative plaque, cathedral basilica, Płock
    source: own collection
  • BURAWSKI Francis - Monument, site of executiono of 42 Poles, 01.09.1940, Sierpc-Glinki, source: www.sierpc.com.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURAWSKI Francis
    Monument, site of executiono of 42 Poles, 01.09.1940, Sierpc-Glinki
    source: www.sierpc.com.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Płock diocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

date and place of birth

16.08.1914

Obryte

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

18.06.1939 (Płock cathedral)

positions held

vicar of the parish Chorzele (1939‑40), newly ordained

date and place of death

01.09.1940

Sierpc

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

After German invasion of Poland and start of the II World War in 09.1939 went to his parents. Returned to his parish at the end of 10.1939. Arrested on 08.05.1940 by the Germans and accused of collaboration with clandestine resistance Polish Defenders Command organization (part of which later was incorporated into the clandestine Home Army, belonging to Polish Clandestine State), jailed in prison in Ostrołęka, tortured. There prob. sentenced to death. Next in 08.1940 transported to KL Soldau concentration camp. Finally moved to Sierpc prison and there, in „Clays” district, shot dead in a mass execution of 42 Poles, including Fr Joseph Świniarski and seminarian Joseph Michalak.

alt. dates and places of death

30.08.1942

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

ŚWINARSKI Joseph, MICHALAK Joseph

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Sierpc (Glinki): On 01.09.1940 Germans brought to Sierpc c. 43 prisoners from Soldau concentration camp, mainly Polish teachers and members of Polish intelligentsia. Among them were at least two priests and one seminarian. Four trucks stopped at „Glinki” region of Sierpc where Germans herded in local residents. The prisoners where lined up — 10 in a line — in front of a ditch and shot. Prisoners from the last truck attempted to escape. Most of them were soon captured and executed but one of them managed to escape and survived. (more on: www.sierpc.com.pl [access: 2015.05.09], www.fronda.pl [access: 2015.05.09])

KL Soldau: KL Soldau concentration camp (in modern Działdowo city) — since the pre–war Polish Działdowo county was incorporated into Germ. Regierungsbezirk Allenstein (Eng. Olsztyn regency) the camp was located in occupied territories where general German law was in force, i.e. in Germany proper — was founded in 09.1939, when in former barracks of 32nd Infantry Regiment of Polish Army Germans set up a temporary camp for POW captured during September 1939 campaign. In autumn 1939 was also used as police jail. In 1939‑40 changed into niem. „Durchgangslager Soldau” (Eng. Transit Camp), prior to transport to other concentration camps. Next in 05.1940 the camp was changed again into niem. Arbeitserziehungslager (Eng. Work Education Camp), and finally into penal comp for criminal and political prisoners, most of whom were sentenced to death. In 1939‑41 Germans imprisoned, maltreated and tortured in KL Soldau hundreds of Polish priests and religious. Approx. 80 priests, religious and nuns perished. They were murdered in the camp itself, by a shot into a head, or in places of mass executions in nearby forests — Białuty forest, Malinowo forets, Komorniki. Dates and precise locations of these murders remain unknown. Altogether in KL Soldau approx. 15,000 prisoners were murdered, including thousands victims — patients of psychiatric institutions (within Aktion T4 plan). (more on: mazowsze.hist.pl [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.09.02])

Ostrołęka: Detention centre run by Germans. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.17], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
martyrologium.w.interia.pl [access: 2012.11.23], mazowsze.hist.pl [access: 2013.05.19]
bibliograhical:
„Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‑1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‑V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‑1981
original images:
martyrologium.w.interia.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.sierpc.com.pl [access: 2015.05.09]

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