• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA

surname

BURAK

forename(s)

Mark (pl. Marek)

  • BURAK Mark - Grave, parish church, Mścibów, source: www.skyscrapercity.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURAK Mark
    Grave, parish church, Mścibów
    source: www.skyscrapercity.com
    own collection
  • BURAK Mark - Grave, parish church, Mścibów, source: www.skyscrapercity.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBURAK Mark
    Grave, parish church, Mścibów
    source: www.skyscrapercity.com
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Vilnius archdiocese
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

honorary titles

honorary canon (Vilnius cathedral)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of birth

15.06.1879

Gaj

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

1902

positions held

parish priest of Mścibów in Vawkavysk deanery (1905‑43, after 3 years of ministry as vicar), f. member of parliament (prob. Republic of Central Lithuania Parliament 1922), f. chaplain of the Polish Army (till 1921), f. philosophy and theology student of Theological Seminary in Vilnius (till 1902)

date and place of death

15.07.1943

(Wiszownik forest)

cause of death

mass murder

details of death

During wars of Polish independence (1918‑21) chaplain of the Polish Army (till 04.1921). After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after German attack in 06.1941 of their erstwhile ally, Russians, helped among others orphans whose parents were deported by the Russians to Siberia. According to some sources behind the altar of his parish church kept one of the three radio transmitters in Vawkavysk region used by the resistance Home Army AK (part of Polish Clandestine State) to inform Polish Government in London. Arrested by Germans early in the morning of 15.07.1943. Treated as a „hostage” — part of German extermination plan of Polish intelligentsia of Białystok region, called Black July 1943. Taken to Świsłocz and from there to the execution site and on the same day murdered together with 2 other priests, Fr Joseph Kozłowski and Jesuit Fr Edmund Roszak, and a seminarian Felix Kochanowski.

alt. dates and places of death

13.07.1943

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

BESZTA-BOROWSKI Anthony, KLIMCZAK Michael Eugene (Fr Dennis), KOCHANOWSKI Felix, KOZŁOWSKI Joseph, KUŹMICKI Witold, OLSZEWSKI Louis, OPIATOWSKI Henry, PĘZA Alexander, PŁOŃSKI Joseph, ROSZAK Edmund, RUTKOWSKI Bronislaus, SKOKOWSKI Justin, SZULC Joseph, SZYPIŁŁO Casimir

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

Wiszownik forest: In the Wiszownik forest n. Świsłocz on 15.07.1943 (or 13.07.1943 according to some sources) Germans murdered, as part of their extermination program against partisans, approx. 55 Poles, mainly from Wołkowysk county, jailed as „captive hostages”. Among the victims were 4 local priests. (more on: www.flickr.com [access: 2013.10.05])

Black July 1943: On 20.05.1943 East Prussia German Gaulaiter, Erich Koch, nominated Otton Helwig a new German commander of SS und Polizeiführer (Eng. SS and police commander) of Bezirk (Eng. region) Białystok. He immediately initiated a pacification action ostensibly targeted at Polish partisans. The real aim was intimidation of the Poles from Białystok region and extermination of its leading classes. On 10.07.1943 a „Commando Müller” (from the surname of its murderous commander, prob. Hermann Müller), consisting of Belarus support batallion, Lithuanian units dressed in German uniforms, German Gendarmerie and police and German Gestapo members, perpetrated a series of mass murders in various places in Bezirk Białystok (including its Łomża and Grodno regions). In 07.1943 Germans murdered more than 1,000 people (prob. near 2,000). On 15.07.1943 only in all county seats of Bezirk Bialystok at least 9 local Polish intelligentsia families, including women, children and old were selected and murdered. Among the victims were many priests: in executions in Pilice forest, Wiszownik forest, Kosówka forest, Naumowicze, Jeziorka, etc. Germans murdered at least 15 clerics. (more on: www.swzygmunt.knc.pl [access: 2019.10.13])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.bialystok.opoka.org.pl [access: 2013.01.06], www.bialystok.opoka.org.pl [access: 2013.01.06], msu.by [access: 2017.05.20]
bibliograhical:
„Vilnius archdiocese clergy martyrology 1939‑1945”, Fr Thaddeus Krahel, Białystok, 2017
original images:
www.skyscrapercity.com [access: 2014.11.28], www.skyscrapercity.com [access: 2014.11.28]

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