• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
link to OUR LADY of PERPETUAL HELP in SŁOMCZYN infoSITE LOGO

st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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WHITE BOOK
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

review in:

link do KARTY OSOBOWEJ - POLSKA WERSJA
  • BRODA Czeslav, source: www.rzeszow.mw.org.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBRODA Czeslav
    source: www.rzeszow.mw.org.pl
    own collection
  • BRODA Czeslav, source: prawy.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBRODA Czeslav
    source: prawy.pl
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

BRODA

forename(s)

Czeslav (pl. Czesław)

  • BRODA Czeslav - Commemorative plaque, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St John the Baptist cathedral, Przemyśl, source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBRODA Czeslav
    Commemorative plaque, Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary and St John the Baptist cathedral, Przemyśl
    source: www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Przemyśl diocese
more on: www.przemyska.pl [access: 2013.02.15]
Military Ordinariate of Poland
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20]

honorary titles

Rochettum et Mantolettum canon (Przemyśl cathedral)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.11.14]

date and place of birth

05.02.1885

Słocina-Rzeszów

presbyter (holy orders)/
ordination

24.06.1909 (Przemyśl cathedral)

positions held

dean of Leżajsk deanery (1929‑40), parish priest of Leżajsk parish (1925‑40), f. deputy dean of Leżajsk parish (1926‑9), member of Leżajsk City Council (1939), f. administrator of Nowy Nart parish in Nisko county (1923‑5), f. parish priest and church builder at Wola Raniżowska parish (1919‑21), f. vicar–exposit and prefect of Raniżów parish in Wola Raniżowska (1911‑9), f. vicar of Turka on Stryj river parish (1909‑11), chaplain in the Polish Army

date and place of death

12.12.1940

KL Dachau

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

details of death

During I World War chaplain in the Austrian Army (1914‑7). Ministered at the easter front (1914‑5), later in Tata Tovaros and Szambathely. Demobilized in 1919 as an invalid. After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation, arrested by the Germans for the first time on 03.11.1939 (or on c. 13.09.1939) and held as a hostage. Jailed in Rzeszów prison. After a fortnight released. Arrested again on 23.07.1940 by the Germans, together with Leżajsk vicars and prefects, Fr. Stanislaus Lubas and Fr Thomas Pacuła, among others, prob. as a result of Ukrainian denouncement. Jailed in Leżajsk, Jarosław and Tarnów prisons. Next c. two weeks later transported to KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp and from there on 06.09.1940 to KL Dachau concentration camp where perished, from „pneumonia”, according to official German papers.

alt. dates and places of death

12.12.1942

perpetrators

Germans

others related in death

LUBAS Stanislaus

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Dachau (prisoner no: 18218): KL Dachau in German Bavaria, set up in 1933, became the main concentration camp for Catholic priests and religious during II World War: Germans imprisoned there approx. 3,000 priests, including 1,800 Poles. They were forced to slave at so‑called „Plantags”, doing manual field works, at constructions, including crematorium. In the barracks ruled hunger, freezing cold in the winter and suffocating heat during the summer. Prisoners suffered from bouts of illnesses, including tuberculosis. Many were victims of murderous „medical experiments” — in 11.1942 c. 20 were given phlegmon injections; in 07.1942 to 05.1944 c. 120 were used by for malaria experiments. More than 750 Polish clerics where murdered by the Germans, some brought to Schloss Hartheim euthanasia centre and murdered in gas chambers. At its peak KL Dachau concentration camps’ system had nearly 100 slave labour sub–camps located throughout southern Germany and Austria. There were c. 32,000 documented deaths at the camp, and thousands perished without a trace. C. 10,000 of the 30,000 inmates were found sick at the time of liberation, on 29.04.1945, by the USA troops… (more on: www.kz-gedenkstaette-dachau.de [access: 2013.08.10], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.05.30])

KL Sachsenhausen: In KL Sachsenhausen concentration camp, set up in the former Olympic village in 07.1936, hundreds of Polish priests were held in 1940, before being transported to KL Dachau. Some of them perished in KL Sachsenhausen. Murderous medical experiments on prisoners were carried out in the camp. In 1942‑4 c. 140 prisoners slaved at manufacturing false British pounds, passports, visas, stamps and other documents. Other prisoners also had to do slave work, for Heinkel aircraft manufacturer, AEG and Siemens among others. On average c. 50,000 prisoners were held at any time. Altogether more than 200,000 inmates were in jailed in KL Sachsenhausen and its branched, out of which tens of thousands perished. Prior to Russian arrival mass evacuation was ordered by the Germans and c. 80,000 prisoners were marched west in so‑called „death marches” to other camps, i.e. KL Mauthausen–Gusen and KL Bergen–Belsen. The camp got liberated on 22.04.1945. After end of armed hostilities Germans set up there secret camp for German prisoners and „suspicious” Russian soldiers. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2018.11.18])

Tarnów: German penal and detention centre used by the Germans as a transit point prior to sending to concentration camps, i.e. KL Auschwitz. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.08.17])

Jarosław: In the former benedictine priory buildings Germans set up a prison and detention centre. „Few thousands victims” were murdered there. After German defeat in 1944 and start of another Russian occupation a camp for Polish and then Ukrainian political prisoners was set up, run initially prob. by the Russians and then by Commie–Nazi UB organization — branch of Russian NKVD. (more on: www.sztetl.org.pl [access: 2013.08.10])

Rzeszów: During German occupation penal prison run by the Germans set up in Rzeszów Castle. At any one time more than 2,500 prisoners were held there (for instance from 01.04.1943 till 01.03.1944), mainly Poles. In the Castle basements and on prison yard executions were carried out of those sentenced by the German Sondergericht kangaroo court (other prisoners of the Castle were executed by the Germans at other sites in Rzeszów as well). After German withdrawal on 02.08.1944 and capture of Rzeszów by the Russians the prison was taken over initially by the Russian genocidal NKVD and then by Polish UB, a unit of murderous Russian NKVD. Thousands, of prisoners — Polish political activists and partisans, members of various clandestine organizations (among others from Home Army AK, part of Polish Clandestine State, and Freedom and Independence WiN) — were then held captive there. Local AK leader, Col. Lukas Ciepliński, future chairman of 4th Command of WiN, murdered by Commie–Nazis in 1951, reported in 1944 that „during interrogations even women are brutally beaten. The processes […] are led by NKVD” and „the prisoners’ situation […] is dreadful. They simply perish from hunger. The food in German times compared to today was simply a luxury”. Executions of those held — Polish independence activists, but also German war criminals and Ukrainian nationalist — were also, as done by the Germans, carried out then in the Castle, in Castle’s basements and on the gallows in the prison yard. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.12.04])

Intelligenzaktion: (Eng. „Action Intelligentsia”) — also Germ. Unternehmen „Tannenberg” (Eng. „Tannenberg operation”). Extermination program of Polish elites, mainly intelligentsia, executed by the Germans right from the start of the occupation in 09.1939 till around 05.1940, mainly on the lands directly incorporated into Germany but also in the so‑called General Governorate where it was called AB‑aktion. During this genocide Germans methodically murdered c. 50,000 teachers, priests, landowners, social and political activists and retired military. Further 50,000 were sent to concentration camps where most of them perished. (more on: www.sw.gov.pl [access: 2013.12.04], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.10.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
prawy.pl [access: 2016.11.06], nawolyniu.pl [access: 2013.01.06], arolsen-archives.org [access: 2019.10.13], www.ipgs.us [access: 2012.11.23]
bibliograhical:
„Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‑45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
„Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‑1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
original images:
www.rzeszow.mw.org.pl [access: 2016.11.06], prawy.pl [access: 2016.11.06], www.miejscapamiecinarodowej.pl [access: 2014.08.14]

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