• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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st Sigismund
Roman Catholic parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese
Poland

  • st SIGISMUND: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • st SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionst SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection

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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • BORKOWSKI Marian (Bro. Valery Mary); source: Lukas Janecki, „Biographical-bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939—45”, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBORKOWSKI Marian (Bro. Valery Mary)
    source: Lukas Janecki, „Biographical-bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939—45”, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016
    own collection

surname

BORKOWSKI

forename(s)

Marian

religious forename(s)

Valery Mary (pl. Walery Maria)

function

laybrother

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]

congregation

Order of Friars Minor Conventual (Conventual Franciscans - OFMConv)
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.05.19]

diocese / province

Immaculate Mary province OFMConv
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.08.18]
st Anthony of Padua and bl. James Strzemię province OFMConv
more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.08.18]

date and place of birth

08.02.1911

Helenów (Wiśniew mun., Siedlce county)

religious vows

08.12.1940 (last)

positions held

friar of Niepokalanów monastery (1933‑41) — manager (1940‑1), deputy manager (1939‑40) and worker (1935‑9) of booklets’ binding office, cook (1934‑5), dispatch worker (1933), carpenter (1933), novitiate in Niepokalanów (01.02.1936‑02.01.1937), in Order from 09.06.1933

date and place of death

27.08.1942

KL Auschwitz

cause of death

extermination: exhaustion and starvation

details of death

After German invasion of Poland on 01.09.1939 (Russians invaded Poland 17 days later) and start of the II World War released on 06.09.1939 from Niepokalanów monastery. Prob. returned to his family Helenów house. After start of German occupation returned to Niepokalanów though. On 18.01.1940 left again to visit his family. To Niepokalanów returned on 24.07.1940. Finally on 04.07.1941 went again to visit his family. Arrested by the Germans in unknown circumstances. Held in Pawiak prison in Warsaw. From there on 16.07.1942 transported — in a group of 127 prisoners — to German concentration camp KL Auschwitz. There perished — officially suffering from typhoid.

perpetrators

Germans

murder sites
camps (+ prisoner no)

KL Auschwitz (prisoner no: 46967): German KL Auschwitz (today: Oświęcim) concentration and death camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 on the German territory. Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the camp, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was KL Birkenau, not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])

Pawiak: Investigative prison in Warsaw. Largest German prison in German‑led General Governorate. 100,000 prisoners went through it in the years 1939‑44, approx. 37,000 of which were murdered by the Germans in executions, during interrogations, in the cells or in the prison “hospital”. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.08.10])

General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. From 1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])

sources

personal:
www.ksiegazmarlych.franciszkanie.pl [access: 2013.05.19], www.straty.pl [access: 2019.04.16], www.teresin.pl [access: 2015.04.18]
bibliograhical:
„Biographical–bibliographical dictionary of Polish Conventual Franciscan Fathers murdered and tragically dead in 1939‑45”, Lukas Janecki, Franciscan Fathers’ Publishing House, Niepokalanów, 2016

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