Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Anne (pl. Anna)
Evangelical Church of the Augsburg Confession in Poland
date and place of death
Oświęcim pow., Lesser Poland voiv.
alt. dates and places of death
concentration camp, Oświęcim, Oświęcim gm., Oświęcim pow., Lesser Poland voiv.
details of death
After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the II World War, after start of German occupation (her family region was directly incorporated into Germany as initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province) collaborated with Polish Clandestine Peasants’ Battalions BCh, founded in 1940/41 (part of Polish Clandestine State) — was sworn in 06.1941 under nom‑de‑guerre „Rachela”. Being in danger of imminent arrest — managed to escape from a house in Cieszyn surrounded by murderous German political police Gestapo — went into hiding: initially in Sosnowiec; and next after illegally crossing over the border to German–run General Governorate in Warsaw, where was known under name „Helene Wodecka”. Became a courier and liaison officer of BCh High Command. Was carrying and distributing medicine drugs and letter to and from Cracow and got involved with help being provided to the prionsers German concentration camp KL Auschwitz — having to cross illegally the border to Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien numerous times. Brought with her medicines, food, money, food stamps, etc. During her trips made injections for prisoners working out of the camps’ compound. Finally during the night of 29‑30.12.1942 apprehended by the German Gestapo in Osiek n. Auschwitz (with her BCh co‑conspirator), when after arrival from Warsaw was preparing parcels for the prisoners. Took a risk and attempted to flee. Got shot and perished on the spot. Her body Germans burnt in KL Auschwitz crematorium…
alt. details of death
According to some sources after arrest held — wounded — captive and on 12.10.1943 transported to KL Auschwitz concentration camp (in camp’s archive there is a record of a person with her forename and surname, but wrong date of birth). There was to perish.
cause of death
date and place of birth
Cieszyn pow., Silesia voiv.
deaconess of Evangelical Women Association, nurse in Wisła (from 1938), first support help, f. manager of Mother and Child Station in Golasowice (c. 1928‑38) — also a leader of girls scout group, f. nurse at State Hospital in Cieszyn (from c. 1927), ordained at Jesus Church in Cieszyn (1927)
camps (+ prisoner no)
KL Auschwitz: German KL Auschwitz concentration camp (Germ. Konzentrationslager) and death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) camp was set up by Germans around 27.01.1940 n. Oświęcim, on the German territory (initially in Germ. Provinz Schlesien — Silesia Province; and from 1941 Germ. Provinz Oberschlesien — Upper Silesia Province). Initially mainly Poles were interned. From 1942 it became the centre for holocaust of European Jews. Part of the KL Auschwitz concentration camps’ complex was death camp (Germ. Vernichtungslager) KL Auschwitz II Birkenau, located not far away from the main camp. There Germans murder possibly in excess of million people, mainly Jews, in gas chambers. Altogether In excess of 400 priests and religious went through the KL Auschwitz, approx. 40% of which were murdered (mainly Poles). (more on: en.auschwitz.org.pl [access: 2012.11.23], www.meczennicy.pelplin.pl [access: 2013.07.06])
General Governorate: A separate administrative territorial region set up by the Germans in 1939 after defeat of Poland, which included German‑occupied part of Polish territory that was not directly incorporate into German state. It was run by the Germans till 1945 and final Russian offensive, and was a part of so–called Big Germany — Grossdeutschland. Till 31.07.1940 formally known as Germ. Generalgouvernement für die besetzten polnischen Gebiete (Eng. General Governorate for occupied Polish territories) — later as simply niem. Generalgouvernement (Eng. General Governorate). From 07.1941 expanded to include district Galicia. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2013.12.04])
Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. „The war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2015.09.30])
www.bsip.miastorybnik.pl [access: 2020.05.25], www.cieszyn.pl [access: 2020.05.25], docplayer.pl [access: 2020.05.25]
www.wszechnica.cieszyn.pl [access: 2020.05.25], www.bsip.miastorybnik.pl [access: 2020.05.25], kety.pl [access: 2020.05.25], infobeskidy.eu [access: 2020.05.25]
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