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    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

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  • BĄCZKOWSKI Thaddeus; source: Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), „Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939—1945”, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOBĄCZKOWSKI Thaddeus
    source: Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), „Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939—1945”
    own collection

surname

BĄCZKOWSKI

forename(s)

Thaddeus (pl. Tadeusz)

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Church RCmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Lutsk diocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.05.19]

Lutsk‐Zhytomyr diocese (aeque principaliter)more on
www.catholic-hierarchy.org
[access: 2021.12.19]

honorary titles

honorary canonmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.11.14]
(Ołyka collegiate)

date and place
of death

18.11.1940

Bykivnyatoday: part of Kiev, Kiev city rai., Kiev city, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]

alt. dates and places
of death

22.10.1940, 11.1940

details of death

After German and Russian invasion of Poland in 09.1939 and start of the World War II, after start of Russian occupation, genocidal Russian NKVD accused him in 10.1939 of participation in „Catholic Action diversionary band” in Kiwerce, including burying weapons after Russian invasion of 09.1939.

In the church he kept 5 boxes of Polish Internal Affairs Ministry archives (or archives of the Polish upper chamber, Senate), and buried it later in the parish garden.

Russians dug them out and sent to Moscow.

The reports of the „Catholic Action” in Kiwerce from 1937‐1939 also fell into the hands of the NKVD.

Jailed in Lutsk prison.

In 1940 moved out in unknown direction.

Disappeared without a trace.

Prob. murdered in Bykivnya n. Kiev or perished in another Russian prison.

His name is on the so‐called „Tsvetukhin's list”, i.e. a report that was sent from Kiev to the 1st Special Department of the NKVD in Moscow on 25.11.1940 — one of the available lists of Poles genocidally murdered by the NKVD as part of the mass murder known as the «Katyn genocide» (known also as „Ukrainian Katyn List”). The report contains 3,435 names of people killed on the basis of one of 33 „disposition lists” — lists sent from the NKVD headquarters, based on the decisions of the Special NKVD College, i.e. the genocidal kangaroo court known as the «NKVD Troika», to the local NKVD center responsible for executions. The said report states that his name was on the „disposition list” No. 57/1 item 102 (though „disposition list” itself has not been found).

alt. details of death

According to other sources arrested after by the genocidal Russian NKVD on Polish–Hungarian border.

cause of death

mass murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

1877

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1900 (Zhytomyr cathedral)

positions held

c. 1923 – 1939

parish priest — Kivertsitoday: Kivertsi urban hrom., Lutsk rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2024.01.26]
⋄ Sacred Heart of Jesus RC parish ⋄ Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery — also: prefect at schools

till 1939

parish consultor — Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Parish Consultors Council, Diocesan Curia

c. 1921

deputy dean — Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

c. 1921

parish priest — Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ St Peter and St Paul the Apostles RC cathedral parish ⋄ Lutsktoday: Lutsk city rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

c. 1913 – c. 1920

administrator — Chudnivtoday: Chudniv hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Exaltation of the Holy Cross RC parish ⋄ Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr urban hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
RC deanery

c. 1912

administrator — Olykatoday: Olyka hrom., Lutsk rai., Volyn, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Holy Trinity RC collegiate parish ⋄ Dubnotoday: Dubno urban hrom., Dubno rai., Rivne, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
RC deanery

c. 1904 – c. 1911

administrator — Ruzhyntoday: Ruzhyn hrom., Berdychiv rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ Corpus Christi RC parish ⋄ Skvyratoday: Skvyra urban hrom., Bila Tserkva rai., Kiev, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
RC deanery

c. 1911

administrator — Toporytoday: Ruzhyn hrom., Berdychiv rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
uk.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
⋄ Holy Trinity RC parish ⋄ Skvyratoday: Skvyra urban hrom., Bila Tserkva rai., Kiev, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.11.27]
RC deanery — acting („ad interim”)

c. 1902 – c. 1903

vicar — Bila Tserkvatoday: Bila Tserkva urban hrom., Bila Tserkva rai., Kiev, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ St John the Baptist RC parish ⋄ Kievtoday: Kiev city rai., Kiev city, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2023.03.02]
RC deanery

till 1900

student — Zhytomyrtoday: Zhytomyr urban hrom., Zhytomyr rai., Zhytomyr, Ukraine
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2021.09.17]
⋄ philosophy and theology, Theological Seminary

others related
in death

MATZNERClick to display biography Stanislav Clement, TELEŻYŃSKIClick to display biography Michael, TYSZKAClick to display biography Michael, NIEIZWIESTNYClick to display biography Anatol

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Bykivnya: In 1940 Russians executed in Kiev, in 17 Korolyenky Str. building, an unknown number of Poles (POWs) — on a so‐called „Ukrainian death list” there are 3,435 names; the other quoted number is 4,181). The bodies were buried prob. in a forest in Bykivnya n. Kiev. This was a fulfillment of Russian Commie‐Nazi government decision — Political Bureau of the Russian Commie‐Nazi party of 05.03.1940 — to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and individuals held in Russian POW camps following Ribbentrop‐Molotov German‐Russian accord and annexation of half of Poland into Russia, confirmed by the order No.00350 of the head of the NKVD, Mr Lavrentyi Beria, on the „discharge of NKVD prisons” in Ukraine and Belarus. There are indications — i.e. 4 so‐called „NKVD‐Gestapo Methodical Conferences” of 1939‐1940: in Brześć on Bug, Przemyśl, Zakopane and Cracow — of close collaboration between Germans and Russians in realization of plans of total extermination of Polish nation, its elites in particular — decision that prob. was confirmed during meeting of socialist leaders of Germany: Mr Heinrich Himmler, and Russia: Mr Lavrentyi Beria, in another German leader’s hunting lodge: Mr Hermann Göring, in Rominty in Romincka Forest in East Prussia. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
, pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.08.10]
)

«Katyn genocide 1940»: On 05.03.1940, the Russian Commie‐Nazi authorities — the Politburo of the Russian Communist Party — made a formal decision to exterminate tens of thousands of Polish intelligentsia and military personnel held in Russian camps as a consequence of the German‐Russian Ribbentrop‐Molotov Agreement, the invasion of Poland and the annexation of half of Poland in 09.1939, and the beginning of World War II. The implementing act was order No. 00350 of the head of the NKVD, Mr Lavrentyi Beria, on the „discharge of NKVD prisons” in Ukraine and Belarus. The entire action — the murders were committed, among others, in Katyn, Kharkov, Tver, Bykovnia and Kuropaty — was coordinated centrally from the NKVD headquarters in Moscow. This is evidenced by the so‐called deportation lists of subsequent groups of Polish prisoners (usually about 100 people) from NKVD camps sent to places of execution, prepared and distributed a few days before the executions from Moscow. It is also evidenced by the earlier deportations of Polish priests from the Kozelsk, Ostashkov and Starobilsk NKVD camps to NKVD prison in Moscow, or their isolation, just before Christmas on 25.12.1939, prob. in order to deprive Polish prisoners of spiritual care at that time — clearly actions controlled from the NKVD HQ in Moscow. There are indications — i.e. four so‐called „NKVD‐Gestapo Methodical Conferences” of 1939‐1940: in Brest on Bug, Przemyśl, Zakopane and Cracow — of close collaboration between Germans and Russians in realization of plans of total extermination of Polish nation, its elites in particular — decision that prob. was confirmed during meeting of socialist leaders of Germany: Mr Heinrich Himmler, and Russia: Mr Lavrentyi Beria, in another German leader, Mr Hermann Göring, hunting lodge in Rominty in Romincka Forest in East Prussia. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.12.15]
)

Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev, in the first half of 20th century run by the genocidal NKVD, informally referred to as prison No 1, formally as Investigative Prison No 13 (SIZO#13). It was founded in the early 19th century. In the 20th century, during the Soviet times, the prison church was transformed into another block of cells. During the reign of J. Stalin in Russia, more than 25,000 prisoners passed through it. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.09.21]
)

Lutsk: Prison run in 1939‐1941 by the Russians. After German attack in 06.1941 Russians murdered there approx. 2,000 prisoners. Again used by the Russians after 1944. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2017.03.11]
)

Ribbentrop‐Molotov: Genocidal Russian‐German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the World War II in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so‐called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro‐Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti‐Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislav Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German‐Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called «Intelligenzaktion», in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian‐German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic‐pre‐Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence […], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions […] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”… Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
, www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

sources

personal:
www.duszki.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2012.11.23]
, biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
, issuu.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
, pallotyni.kiev.uaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]

bibliographical:
Martyrology of the Polish Roman Catholic clergy under nazi occupation in 1939‐1945”, Victor Jacewicz, John Woś, vol. I‐V, Warsaw Theological Academy, 1977‐1981
Register of Latin rite Lviv metropolis clergy’s losses in 1939‐45”, Józef Krętosz, Maria Pawłowiczowa, editors, Opole, 2005
Biographical lexicon of Lviv Roman Catholic Metropoly clergy victims of the II World War 1939‐1945”, Mary Pawłowiczowa (ed.), Fr Joseph Krętosz (ed.), Holy Cross Publishing, Opole, 2007
Parish priest of Lutsk–Żhytomyr 1801‐1920 and Kamyanets–Podilskyi 1869‐1919 dioceses”, Fr Waldemar Witold Żurek SDB, Lublin 2023

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