Roman Catholic parish
85 Wiślana str.
Martyrology of the clergy — Poland
XX century (1914 – 1989)
Francis (pl. Franciszek)
Latin (Roman Catholic) Church
more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21]
diocese / province
date and place of birth
presbyter (holy orders)/
administrator of Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary parish in Homel (1937), f. parish priest of Felsztyn in Płoskirów deanery (c. 1922), St Paul and St Peter in Jarmolińce (till 1922), Holy Trinity in Orynin in Kamieniec Podolski deanery (from c. 1917‑8), f. vicar of St Sophia cathedral parish in Zhytomyr (1914‑7), f. administrator of Holy Trinity in Orynin in Kamieniec Podolski deanery (1910‑4), Ptycza in Dubno deanery (1907‑10) parish, f. vicar of Holy Trinity parish in Wołoczyska in Krzemieniec deanery (1906‑7), f. theology and philosophy student at Seminary in Zhytomyr (till 1905)
date and place of death
cause of death
details of death
For the first time arrested by the Russians on 28.06.1922 after Russian mounted troops started to shoot at a praying crowd and dispersed them with cat o' nine tail whips. Released. Arrested again on 16.01.1930. From Płoskirów transported to Kharkiv prison and from there to Kiev prison. On 15.06.1930 brought back to Kharkiv and there, on 27‑30.06.1930, tried in the process of Polish priests. Accused of „counter–revolutionary activities and spying for Poland” and sentenced to 7 years of slave labour. Taken first to Kotłas prison and next on 30.10.1930 to Yaroslav on Volga river prison where initially held in cell with Fr Anthony Kurowski and next in strict isolation. Next on 25.11.1930 transported to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp. For some time, in 09.1933, held also in KemLag concentration camp. On 20.01.1937 released and exiled. Initially settled in Mtsensk, next in Orel and in Karachev (Bryansk region). Next in 1937 for a few months was ministering in Homel in Belarus. There was to be arrested by the Russians on 05.11.1937, accused of collaboration with Polish Military Organisation POW and spying for Poland — testified that „labored to save the youth from Soviet influence and educate them in the national–patriotic and religious spirit, instilling love for Poland” — sentenced to death and murdered (prob. 9 km from the city centre, by the road to Chernihov).
alt. dates and places of death
Karaczew (obwód Briańsk, Rosja)
alt. details of death
According to other sources perished in Karachev or Bryansk without recovering from camp experiences, in unknown circumstances.
others related in death
camps (+ prisoner no)
11.08.1937 Russian genocide: On 11.08.1937 Russian leader Stalin decided and NKWD head, Nicholas Jeżow, signed a „Polish operation” executive order no 00485. 139,835 Poles living in Russia were thus sentenced summarily to death. 111,091 were murdered. 28,744 were sentenced to deportation to concentration camps in Gulag. Altogether however more than 100,000 Poles were deported, mainly to Kazakhstan, Siberia, Kharkov and Dniepropetrovsk. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2016.03.14])
Great Purge 1937: In the summer of 1937 Polish Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands, Anzer Island and BelBaltLag were locked in prison cells (some in Sankt Petersburg). Next in a few kangaroo, murderous Russian trials (on 09.10.1937, 25.11.1937, among others) run by so‑called „Troika NKVD” all were sentenced to death. They were subsequently executed by a single shot to the back of the head. The murders took place either in Sankt Petersburg prison or directly in places of mass murder, e.g. Sandarmokh or Levashov Wilderness, where their bodies were dumped into the ditches. Other priests were arrested in the places they still ministered in and next murdered in local NKVD headquarters (e.g. in Minsk in Belarus), after equally genocidal trials run by aforementioned „Troika NKVD” kangaroo courts.
Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.12.20])
KemLag: Sub–camp of BelBaltLag concentration camp group in Karelia republik, on the shores of White Sea. Many Catholic priests were held captive there on their way to or from Solovetsky Islands concentration camps. (more on: www.gulagmuseum.org [access: 2014.12.20])
Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: pl.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09], en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.05.09])
Jaroslav on Volga river: Harsh Russian prison for political prisoners — so‑called polit–isolator — where dozens of catholic priest were held by the Russians, mainly in 1930s, before sending them to Solovetsky Islands concentration camp.
Kotłas: Russian investigative and penal prison, at the center of a number of concentration camps (among them KolasLag), a the start of Kotlas–Vorkuta railway line.
1839 Kharkiv trials: Series of group trials of Polish Catholic priests ministering in Ukraine, by a so‑called „Troika NKVD”, a Russian murderous kangaroo court that took place in 1930 in Kharkov (among others on 17.05.1930 and 27‑30.06.1930). Most of the priest were sentences to years of slave labour in concentration camps and subsequently sent first to Yaroslav on Volga river prison and next to Solovetsky Island concentration camp.
Kharkiv (prison): Russian criminal prison where in the 1930s a number of Catholic priests were held prior to being sent to Russian concentration camps.
Kiev (Lyukyanivska): Russian political prison in Kiev run by criminal NKVD. (more on: en.wikipedia.org [access: 2014.09.21])
biographies.library.nd.edu [access: 2014.12.20], christking.info [access: 2018.09.02], nashkraj.info [access: 2019.02.02], catholic.ru [access: 2016.03.14], przegladpolskopolonijny.files.wordpress.com [access: 2014.12.20], katolik.life [access: 2019.02.02], naviny.by [access: 2019.02.02], www.pan-ol.lublin.pl [access: 2014.12.20]
„Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin
ipn.gov.pl [access: 2019.02.02]
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