• OUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA: st Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionOUR LADY of CZĘSTOCHOWA
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Roman Catholic
St Sigismund parish
05-507 Słomczyn
85 Wiślana Str.
Konstancin deanery
Warsaw archdiocese, Poland

  • St SIGISMUND: St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
  • St SIGISMUND: XIX c., feretory, St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland; source: own collectionSt SIGISMUND
    XIX c., feretory
    St Sigismund parish church, Słomczyn, Poland
    source: own collection
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Martyrology of the clergy — Poland

XX century (1914 – 1989)

personal data

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  • CHOMICZ Paul, source: pl.catholicmartyrs.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHOMICZ Paul
    source: pl.catholicmartyrs.org
    own collection
  • CHOMICZ Paul - Prison photo, source: pl.catholicmartyrs.org, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHOMICZ Paul
    Prison photo
    source: pl.catholicmartyrs.org
    own collection
  • CHOMICZ Paul - Contemporary image, source: krzysztofpozarski.files.wordpress.com, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHOMICZ Paul
    Contemporary image
    source: krzysztofpozarski.files.wordpress.com
    own collection

religious status

Servant of God

surname

CHOMICZ

forename(s)

Paul (pl. Paweł)

  • CHOMICZ Paul - Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg, source: ipn.gov.pl, own collection; CLICK TO ZOOM AND DISPLAY INFOCHOMICZ Paul
    Commemorative plaque, St Stanislaus church, Sankt Petersburg
    source: ipn.gov.pl
    own collection

function

diocesan priest

creed

Latin (Roman Catholic) Churchmore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2014.09.21]

diocese / province

Mogilev archdiocesemore on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2013.06.23]

date and place
of death

10.09.1942

Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]

details of death

For the first time arrested by the Russians on 02.12.1926 in Saint Petersburg.

Soon released, but on 28.01.1927 arrested again.

Accused of „conducting counter–revolutionary religious activity among young people and parishioners as well as creating an illegal anti–Russian fraternity of members of the Third Order of the Franciscans” and „counter–revolutionary agitation among workers”.

On 27.06.1927, sentenced by the murderous Russian OGPU kangaroo court to 10 years of forced slave labor (initially the prosecutor's office demanded three years' imprisonment, but the „court” decided otherwise).

On 03.08.1927 transported to the SLON concentration camp on the Solovetsky Islands.

In 06.1929 transported to the concentration camp „Troitskaya” on the Anzer island in the same region.

There, on 05.07.1932, tried in a trial against already imprisoned Catholic priests on charges of „establishing an anti–Russian group among prisoners” and celebrating secret Holy Masses.

On 21.07.1932 transported to the Russian murderous OGPU „Shpalerka” prison at Voynova Str. in Sankt Petersburg.

Tortured.

On 25.04.1933 transferred to another prison in Saint Petersburg.

On 27.05.1933 sentenced by a murderous OGPU court to a year in strict isolation.

Held in SwirLag concentration camp, near Lodeynoye Polye.

In 08.1933 sent to Komsomolsk–on–Amur to slave labor in felling the forest.

At the end of 1933, due to ill health, prob. taken to hospital for neurological patients in Sankt Petersburg.

From there prob. in 08.1935 transported back to concentration camp in Solovetsky Islands.

10.11.1936 released, but forbidden to enter big Russian cities.

Initially settled in Ufa, then in Vitebsk, Irkutsk, Kostroma and Kaluga.

In 08.1939 illegally returned to Sankt Petersburg, where continued to serve clandestinely.

After the German and Russian invasions of Poland in 09.1939 and the start of World War II, after the German attack in 06.1941 of their former ally, the Russians, arrested by the Russians on 15.06.1942 during the blockade of Saint Petersburg –— already in the role of the apostolic administrator of Sankt Petersburg.

Accused of „organizing a clandestine church, anti–Russian and defeatist agitation and slander against the Russian authorities”.

On 01.09.1941, sentenced to death by the Russian Military Genocide Tribunal of the NKVD. Murdered in prison — shot.

cause of death

murder

perpetrators

Russians

date and place
of birth

29.10.1893

Vawkavysktoday: Vawkavysk dist., Grodno reg., Belarus
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]

alt. dates and places
of birth

17.10.1893

presbyter (holy orders)
ordination

1916

positions held

1941 – 1942

apostolic administrator {Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
}, acting („ad interim”)

from 1923

parish priest {parish: Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
, St Casimir („behind Narva Tollgate”); dean.: Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
}

1925 – 1926

administrator {parish: Kronstadttoday: part of Sankt Petersburg, Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.01.06]
, St Peter and St Paul the Apostles}

c. 1923 – 1926

administrator {church: Petergoftoday: Petrodvortsovy reg., Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]
, St Alex}

c. 1923 – 1926

administrator {church: Ligovotoday: Ulitsky okruh, Krasnoselsky District in Sankt Petersburg, Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.05.23]
, Our Lady of Częstochowa}

1920 – 1923

vicar {parish: Pskovtoday: Pskov city reg., Pskov oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.07.16]
, Holy Trinity}, ministered also in filial chapels in Ostriv and Opochka, and also in Dno and Porkhov

1918 – 1920

vicar {chapel: Vyritsatoday: Gatchinsky reg., Leningrad oblast, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2022.06.16]
, St Joseph}, ministered also in other chapels of railway lines: to Kiev — Dno station (from 1919), and to Moscow: Cholovo and Staraya Russa stations (from 1920)

c. 1918

vicar {parish: Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
}

1915 – 1918

student {Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
, philosophy and theology, Imperial Roman Catholic Spiritual Academy (1842‑1918)}

till 1915

student {Sankt Petersburgtoday: Saint Petersburg city, Russia
more on
en.wikipedia.org
[access: 2020.07.31]
, philosophy and theology, Metropolitan Theological Seminary}

murder sites
camp 
(+ prisoner no)

Sankt Petersburg (Kresty): Russian prison in Sankt Petersburg where many Polish priests were kept captive. Many of them were also murdered there. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

Ribbentrop-Molotov: Genocidal Russian–German alliance pact between Russian leader Joseph Stalin and German leader Adolf Hitler signed on 23.08.1939 in Moscow by respective foreign ministers, Mr. Vyacheslav Molotov for Russia and Joachim von Ribbentrop for Germany. The pact sanctioned and was the direct cause of joint Russian and German invasion of Poland and the outbreak of the II World War in 09.1939. In a political sense, the pact was an attempt to restore the status quo ante before 1914, with one exception, namely the „commercial” exchange of the so–called „Kingdom of Poland”, which in 1914 was part of the Russian Empire, fore Eastern Galicia (today's western Ukraine), in 1914 belonging to the Austro–Hungarian Empire. Galicia, including Lviv, was to be taken over by the Russians, the „Kingdom of Poland” — under the name of the General Governorate — Germany. The resultant „war was one of the greatest calamities and dramas of humanity in history, for two atheistic and anti–Christian ideologies — national and international socialism — rejected God and His fifth Decalogue commandment: Thou shall not kill!” (Abp Stanislaus Gądecki, 01.09.2019). The decisions taken — backed up by the betrayal of the formal allies of Poland, France and Germany, which on 12.09.1939, at a joint conference in Abbeville, decided not to provide aid to attacked Poland and not to take military action against Germany (a clear breach of treaty obligations with Poland) — were on 28.09.1939 slightly altered and made more precise when a treaty on „German–Russian boundaries and friendship” was agreed by the same murderous signatories. One of its findings was establishment of spheres of influence in Central and Eastern Europe and in consequence IV partition of Poland. In one of its secret annexes agreed, that: „the Signatories will not tolerate on its respective territories any Polish propaganda that affects the territory of the other Side. On their respective territories they will suppress all such propaganda and inform each other of the measures taken to accomplish it”. The agreements resulted in a series of meeting between two genocidal organization representing both sides — German Gestapo and Russian NKVD when coordination of efforts to exterminate Polish intelligentsia and Polish leading classes (in Germany called Intelligenzaktion, in Russia took the form of Katyń massacres) where discussed. Resulted in deaths of hundreds of thousands of Polish intelligentsia, including thousands of priests presented here, and tens of millions of ordinary people,. The results of this Russian–German pact lasted till 1989 and are still in evidence even today. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2015.09.30]
)

Pius XI's encyclicals: Facing the creation of two totalitarian systems in Europe, which seemed to compete with each other, though there were more similarities than contradictions between them, Pope Pius XI issued in 03.1937 (within 5 days) two encyclicals. In the „Mit brennender Sorge” (Eng. „With Burning Concern”) published on 14.03.1938, condemned the national socialism prevailing in Germany. The Pope wrote: „Whoever, following the old Germanic–pre–Christian beliefs, puts various impersonal fate in the place of a personal God, denies the wisdom of God and Providence [...], whoever exalts earthly values: race or nation, or state, or state system, representatives of state power or other fundamental values of human society, […] and makes them the highest standard of all values, including religious ones, and idolizes them, this one […] is far from true faith in God and from a worldview corresponding to such faith”. On 19.03.1937, published „Divini Redemptoris” (Eng. „Divine Redeemer”), in which criticized Russian communism, dialectical materialism and the class struggle theory. The Pope wrote: „Communism deprives man of freedom, and therefore the spiritual basis of all life norms. It deprives the human person of all his dignity and any moral support with which he could resist the onslaught of blind passions [...] This is the new gospel that Bolshevik and godless communism preaches as a message of salvation and redemption of humanity”... Pius XI demanded that the established human law be subjected to the natural law of God , recommended the implementation of the ideal of a Christian state and society, and called on Catholics to resist. Two years later, National Socialist Germany and Communist Russia came together and started World War II. (more on: www.vatican.vaClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2023.05.28]
)

Forced exile: One of the standard Russian forms of repression. The prisoners were usually taken to a small village in the middle of nowhere — somewhere in Siberia, in far north or far east — dropped out of the train carriage or a cart, left out without means of subsistence or place to live. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
)

SvirLag: Russian slave labour concentration camp n. Lodeynoye Polye c. 244 km to the north of Sankt Petersburg — part of genocidal Gulag system. Established on 17.11.1931 In former Alexander Svirsky monastery, mainly for political and religious prisoners. In 11.1935 36,500 where held there. The inmates slaved at forest clearance, and some in mines extracting mica, stone and clay. Thousands perished: murdered and exterminated. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2018.09.02]
)

Trial of 05.07.1932: Russian trial of Catholic priests held in Solovetsky Islands and Anzer Island, accused of „creation of an anti–Russian group that conducted anti–Russian agitation, clandestinely celebrated Mass and religious rites and maintained an illegal contact with a free worker for purposes of transmitting abroad information of an espionage character about the situation of Catholics in the Russia”. The prisoners were given prolonged sentences in concentration camp and spread them among the various Gułag camps.

Solovetsky Islands: Solovetsky Special Purpose Camp SLON (ros. Солове́цкий ла́герь осо́бого назначе́ния) — Russian concentration camp and forced labour camp, on Solovetsky Islands, in operation from 1923 and initially founded on the site of famous former Orthodox monastery. Functioned till 1939 (in 1936‑9 as a prison). In 1920 the largest concentration camp in Russia. Place of slave labour and murder of hundreds of mainly Christian, including Catholic, priests, especially in 1920s and 1930s. The concept of future Russian slave labour concentration camps system Gulag its beginnings prob. can trace to camps of Solovetsky Islands — from there spread to the camps along Belamor canal (Baltic Sea — White Sea), and from there to all regions of Russian state. From the network of camps on Solovetsky Islands — also called Solovetsky Archipelago — Alexander Solzhenitsyn prob. formed his famous term of „Gulag Archipelago”. It is estimated that tens to hundreds of thousands prisoners were held in Solovetsky Islands camps. In 1937‑8 c. 9.500 prisoners were brought out of the camp and murdered in a number of execution sites, including Sandarmokh and Lodeynoye Polye, including many Catholic priests. (more on: pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

Gulag: Network of Russian slave labour concentration camps. At any given time up to 12 mln inmates where held in them, milions perished. (more on: en.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.05.09]
)

sources

personal:
www.katolicy.euClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2021.12.19]
, pl.catholicmartyrs.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.06.23]
, biographies.library.nd.eduClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2014.12.20]
, pl.wikipedia.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

bibliograhical:, „Fate of the Catholic clergy in USSR 1917‑39. Martyrology”, Roman Dzwonkowski, SAC, ed. Science Society KUL, 2003, Lublin,
original images:
pl.catholicmartyrs.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.06.23]
, pl.catholicmartyrs.orgClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2013.06.23]
, krzysztofpozarski.files.wordpress.comClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.04.16]
, ipn.gov.plClick to attempt to display webpage
[access: 2019.02.02]

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